Best Available Techniques (BAT) for Ukraine
Short description of the overall project
Based on the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, Ukraine is committed to EU climate targets and to the EU Industrial Emissions Directive (IED). The challenge is to limit GHG by 2030 to today’s level while industry will recover. This requires the use of BAT, as foreseen in the IED, in existing and new industries. The regulatory framework implementing the IED is, however, not in place, and industries and state authorities are lacking know-how and experience in using BAT. The Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources, the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, and other Ministries are supported in setting up a regulatory framework for the implementation of the IED, fostering technology transfer, facilitating capacity development, developing financing instruments, and demonstrating the use of BAT
Short description of activities financed by the donation
The project supports Ukraine in introducing a system for preventing and reducing industrial emissions. Creating the statutory framework is a complex process that covers issues ranging from transposing the IED into Ukrainian law to adopting technical solutions.
The project therefore works closely with MENR at all stages of the legislative process. For example, it advises the Ministry on an overhaul of the permit system for industrial plants and on environmental inspections. Training sessions and study trips enable staff at the Ministry, relevant government agencies and the concerned industrial plants to learn more about their new tasks and responsibilities.
A new data management system records emissions from industrial plants and makes this information available to the general public. The initial focus is on the metal production and processing sector and the mineral processing industry. A funding programme is designed to create incentives for operators of installations to invest in modernizing their production facilities so as to cut their emissions. As well as improving health and environmental protection and helping to mitigate climate change, the BAT approach thus also contributes to the modernization of Ukrainian industry.