* This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.
Presently the Energy Community has 8 Contracting Parties - Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo*, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia and Ukraine. Whilst founding members to the Treaty establishing the Energy Community in 2005, Bulgaria and Romania joined the European Union in 2007. This was also the case with Croatia as of 1 Jul 2013.
The European Union is a Party to the Energy Community Treaty. Represented by the European Commission, it serves as a permanent Vice-President of the organisation. At the same time, any European Union Member State may obtain the status of a Participant. Participants have the right to take part in all institutional meetings of the Energy Community. Presently as many as 20 European Union Member States have the Participant status.
Armenia, Georgia, Norway and Turkey take part as Observers. Observers may attend the meetings of the Ministerial Council, the Permanent High Level Group, the Regulatory Board and the Fora.
Negotiations for Georgia to become a full fledged member of the Energy Community were launched in Feb 2014. The ministers took the decision on Georgia's accession in Oct 2016. Georgia is now in the process of completing its internal procedures for the approval of the accession to the Energy Community.