Renewable energy

State of compliance

  • National Renewable Energy Action Plan

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan

    Ukraine submitted a partially compliant NREAP to the Secretariat in 2014.

    In 2016, according to an energy balance published by EUROSTAT, the country has achieved a 5,85% share of energy from renewable sources, well below the third indicative trajectory of 8,0%. This is due to the delay in the revision of biomass data based on a consumption survey still to be conducted by the Ukrainian Statistical Office. According to the requirements of the Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC and 15th Ministerial Council conclusions, Ukraine had to submit a revised NREAP by 30 June 2018, including adequate measures to put the country on the trajectory to 2020. The revised NREAP has neither been adopted nor submitted to the Secretariat. 

    In spite of all shortcomings, the country increased its renewable energy capacities and the contribution of renewable energy to final energy consumption. By the end of 2017, 465 MW wind, 742 MW solar and 73 MW biogas were in operation.

    By January 2019, it had submitted the Secretariat three progress reports on the country's promotion and use of energy from renewable energy. 

  • Quality of the support schemes

    Quality of the support schemes

    The promotion of renewable energy in Ukraine is in the form of feed-in tariffs based on “green coefficients” for various technologies. The basis for the feed-in tariffs is the Electricity Law of 2009, as amended for the last time in June 2015. It tasks the regulatory authority NEURC to approve a feed-in tariff for each generator of electricity from renewable energy sources per type of renewable energy source and per power plant until 1 January 2030. Following the removal of non-compliant
    local content requirements upon infringement action by the Secretariat, a bonus system for renewable energy producers was introduced for supporting the Ukrainian manufactures and service industries. The existing model is not compliant with the Guidelines on State Aid for Environmental Protection and Energy 2014 - 2020 that call for the introduction of market-based support to renewable energy and market integration of energy from renewable sources.

    In 2018, Ukraine began to consider the revision of the existing support schemes based on feed-in tariffs (so–called green tariffs) and introducing auctions to grant support in the form of a premium to new renewable energy producers ensuring compliance with the State aid requirements. Amendments to the Electricity Market Law and Alternative Sources Law are currently registered in the Ukrainian Parliament for public consultation.

    Cooperation mechanisms

    The Directive’s provisions on cooperation mechanisms are expected to be transposed in the new legislation. Following their transposition, Ukraine can look to enter into cooperation mechanisms with either Contracting Parties or EU Member States to achieve the 2020 renewable energy target or to contribute to another Party’s achievement, if above the target.

  • Integration to the grids

    Integration to the grids

    The new Electricity Market Law introduced guaranteed access and gradual balance responsibility for large renewable energy producers in compliance with the renewable energy acquis. Priority access to the networks and priority dispatch of electricity produced from renewable energy sources applies since 2009. A system of compensating for curtailments remains to be implemented. Transmission and distribution system operators have to ensure that the technical specifications for grid connection are transparent and clear, which is currently not the case. Network operators must develop network investment plans to be approved by the regulator in order to accommodate future increases of renewable energy. Compliance with Article 16 of Directive 2009/28/EC still remains to be achieved.

    Self-consumption of electricity from renewable energy sources acknowledged in the legislation is not implemented yet.  

  • Administrative procedures

    Administrative procedures

    The existing national measures are only partially in compliance with Article 13 of Directive 2009/28/EC as not all administrative procedures are transparent, streamlined and expedited at the appropriate administrative level. This is mainly due to the lack of coordination and communication between the authorities. There is no one-stop shop for permits and licenses, and pre-construction procedures may be lengthy.

    Guarantees of origin

    SAEE has been appointed as the issuing body for guarantees of origin. An accurate, reliable and anti-fraud system for the issuing, transfer and cancellation of guarantees of origin remains to be established by the institution.

    The standard form of guarantee of origin, approved by the Government of Ukraine, is only partially in compliance with Article 15 of Directive 2009/28/EC, because it does not contain all the information required. Moreover, recognition of guarantees of origin issued by other Energy Community Parties and the obligation of electricity suppliers to make available information to consumers on the amount or share of energy from renewable sources when marketing energy are not provided.

    Renewable energy in heating and cooling

    Despite the introduction of measures for promotion of renewable energy in heating and cooling by private households, sufficient coherence to promote heat production from renewable sources in district heating does not exist yet. The adoption of the Law on Energy Performance of Buildings in June 2017, which includes measures for the promotion of energy from renewable sources in the building sector, is a major success in this reporting period. Nevertheless, Ukraine has to comply with the Renewable Energy Directive further in this respect.

  • Renewable energy in transport

    Renewable energy in transport

    The amendments to the Law on Alternative Fuels cover the main principles of Articles 17 to 21 of Directive 2009/28/EC. The amendments were submitted to the Parliament in the first half of 2018, where their adoption is still pending. Together with the relevant secondary acts in place, only their adoption will ensure compliance with the mandatory acquis. The current share of renewables in the transport sector is only at the level of 1%, far from the planned NREAP trajectory which envisages bioethanol and biodiesel production in the long-term as well as usage of renewable electricity and biogas.