Climate

Implementation indicators 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Secondary legislation to implement the provisions of the recently adopted Law on the Principles of Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) of greenhouse gas emissions have been adopted. However, further revision of the existing legal framework is needed to be in line with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation.
     

  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    The timeline for NECP finalization will be prolonged by several months. The plan is unlikely to be adopted before 2021. There were no drafts of the plan sent for review to the Secretariat by the cut-off date of the present report.

State of compliance

Ukraine’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement includes a target of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by at least 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. The second NDC is under preparation. Due on 1 January 2018, the country’s seventh National Communication and the joint second and third Biennial Report have still not been submitted.

The Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of GHG Emissions Law transposes provisions of Directive 2003/87/EC related to the creation of a monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system. The Law itself will take effect in 2021. The list of activities, which are subject to MRV of GHG emissions adopted in September 2020 reflects the rules of Directive 2003/87/EC. Basic rules for the functioning of a registry system for GHG and installations are in place. The legal basis on the creation and maintenance of national inventory systems, on the formation and maintenance of the National Electronic Registry of anthropogenic emissions and removals of greenhouse gases transpose elements of Regulation (EU) 525/2013. Further alignment is needed however with the legislative package scheduled for adoption under the MRV law to be in line with the Regulation.

The country’s long-term vision of low-carbon development is based on previously adopted strategic documents, including the Low Carbon Development Strategy until 2050. A new Concept of Green Energy Transition until 2050 of February 2020 is foreseen to be substantially modified by the Government before being submitted for approval. At present, the Ministry of Energy is about to launch a revision of the Energy Strategy until 2035, the most important forecasting instrument regarding GHG emissions. It is supposed to be submitted for approval to the Government in Q2 2021.

The National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) is not likely to be adopted before 2021, partly due to its interlinkage with the development of the second NDC and the Energy Strategy 2035 revision. Due to structural changes in relevant Ministries, the composition of the NECP technical working group should be updated and the group revived soon. So far, NECP related questions were considered by an Expert Council supporting the Ministry of Energy created in May 2020. In July 2020, external experts submitted a draft of the NECP to the Ministry of Energy, which is now being analysed by the Ministry’s departments and the Expert Council. The analytical basis of the plan is still to be finalized. The Council also recommended to draw upon different modelling capacities of other institutions in Ukraine when commencing the work on the analytical basis of the NECP