Climate

State of compliance

Ukraine‘s climate change provisions are scattered among several laws, resolutions and governmental decrees. The Law on the Main Principles (strategy) of the State Environmental Policy of Ukraine until 2020 of 21 December 2010 envisages, among other things, the development and phased implementation of a national action plan to mitigate climate change for the period up to 2030.

The Cabinet of Ministers’ Resolution on the Environmental Protection Action Plan for the period 2011 - 2015 of 15 May 2011 calls for the development of legislation for a Monitoring, Reporting and Verification system, an emission trading system and performing research on vulnerability assessment.

The Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers dated 21 April 2006 on approval of the Order of operation of the system for the estimation of anthropogenic emissions and removals of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol transposes some of the provisions of Regulation (EU) 525/2013.

Several laws on climate were prepared in 2018, including the draft Law of Ukraine “On the regulation of economic activities with ozone-depleting substances and fluorinated greenhouse gases” (April 2018), the draft Law of Ukraine “On Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of GHG emissions” (June 2018) as well as the Strategy on Low Emission Development of Ukraine up to 2050 (March 2018). They were adopted by the Parliament in first reading in February 2019. Due to early parliamentary elections in 2019, they were relegated to second reading by the new Parliament. The two laws were adopted  on 12 December 2019. The Law “On the regulation of economic activities with ozone-depleting substances and fluorinated greenhouse gases” will enter into force on 27 June 2020, while the Law “On the Principles of Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of Greenhouse Gas Emissions” will enter into force on 01 January 2021.

 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Reviewing the national greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems with a view to align with the Regulation (EU) 525/2013

    • Develop a National Inventory System for greenhouse gas emission
      Provisions on the creation and maintenance of national inventory systems are included in the Decree of 21 April 2006 as well as in the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of 28 May 2008 on the formation and maintenance of the National Electronic Registry of anthropogenic emissions and removals of greenhouse gases.  While it transposes some of the provisions of Regulation (EU) 525/2013, further revision is needed to be in line with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation.

      The National Centre for Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory - subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources - is in charge of the preparation of national greenhouse gas inventory reports and is the core institution in the national greenhouse gas inventory system.

      In January 2018, the draft national legislative package on the Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) of Greenhouse Gas Emissions was published by the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. These provisions lay the groundwork for Ukraine’s planned emissions trading system, which is being developed in line with its obligations under the Association Agreement with the EU. The legislation was adopted by the Parliament in first reading in February 2019. Due to early parliamentary elections in 2019, they were relegated to second reading by the new Parliament and were adopted on 12th December 2019. The Law “On the Principles of Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of Greenhouse Gas Emissions” will enter into force on 01.01.2021.

      In order to be in line with Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (EU) No 525/2013, following the adoption of this law, it is necessary to strengthen the national system for greenhouse gas emissions absorption and removals from land use, land-use change and forestry as well as create a single registry of controlled substances (ozone-depleting substances and fluorinated greenhouse gases). A special authorized agency on monitoring, reporting, and verification of greenhouse gas emissions and emissions trading should be created.

    • Low Carbon-development Strategies Adopt Low-Carbon Development Strategies
      The Concept for the Implementation of State Policy in the Field of Climate Change up to 2030 was adopted in December 2017. It is the first holistic policy document on climate action, focusing on strengthening institutional capacity, climate change mitigation, and transition to low emission development as well as adaptation and reduction of climate related risks. It establishes the main principles of state policy in the field of climate change, including 49 measures, among them the development of two national strategic documents: a Low Emission Development Strategy and a National Adaptation Strategy. The country’s first Low Emission Development Strategy up to 2050 was adopted in July 2018, being overall in line with the acquis. According to the Strategy, the indicative GHG emissions target is 31 - 34% by 2050 (compared to 1990 levels). If implemented, the targets would be far more ambitious than the current commitment under the Paris Agreement.
    • Introduce legislation defining national systems for Policies, Measures and Projections
      The most important forecasting instrument regarding greenhouse gas emissions is the Energy Strategy of Ukraine until 2035, adopted in August 2017. As the legislation defining national systems for policies, measures and projections is under development, compliance is pending.
       
  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) as part of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC

    • Technical Working Group (TWG)
      Following the adoption of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC and the Policy Guidelines 03/2018-ECS on the development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), an Energy and Climate Technical Working Group composed of technical experts designated by the Contracting Parties was established at regional level in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee.
      Ukraine has set up a national working group to prepare the NECP in July 2019. Because of institutional changes in the new Government since September 2019, the activity of this working group is on standby. However, the Government considers approving a comprehensive 2021 – 2030 National Energy and Climate Plan as a priority and mobilized international donors to support the country with preparatory work.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a reference scenario
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans has not started yet.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a policy scenario
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans has not started yet.
    • Develop templates for national plans
      The template of the NECP was discussed and clarified on several occasions. The plan will be elaborated following the structure and parameters indicated in Annex I of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999.
    • Organize regional consultations and peer review
      Preliminary regional consultations have been launched in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee and its Technical Working Group, to which Ukraine participated.
      After the submission of the draft national plan, a consultation with the other Contracting Parties and EU Member States shall be organised. The consultation will result in an opinion issued by the Secretariat on the draft national plan.
    • Submit National Energy and Climate Plans
      Ukraine shall submit the final plan to the Secretariat by October 2020.