State of compliance
On 22 April 2021, Serbia adopted its first renewable energy law. This was a significant advancement in the transposition of the renewables acquis and should contribute to scaling up capacities from renewable energy sources.
The Law on the Use of Renewable Energy Sources enables a market-based support scheme envisaging feed-in premiums (FiP) obtained on auctions for projects above 500 kW and 3 MW for wind. Feed-in tariffs will remain for small projects, however, their amount will be determined at auctions. The details of how the scheme is to be implemented are expected to be elaborated in secondary legislation, which should be adopted by the end of October 2021. The guaranteed supplier is the balance responsible party for all renewable energy producers, until a liquid intraday market is established. Once the regulator announces that the intraday market is liquid, large (above 500 kW and 3 MW for wind) renewable energy producers will have to arrange their balance responsibility in accordance with the relevant legislation (Energy Law and Market Rules). This is in line with the Guidelines on State Aid for Environmental Protection and Energy.
The Law enabled self-consumption, including jointly-acting self-consumption, as well as energy communities. On 31 August 2021, Serbia adopted a decree on self-consumption, enabling a net-metering scheme for households or housing communities and a net billing scheme for all other self-consumers. Already in September, the Ministry of Mining and Energy published a call for the programme to subsidize households to install solar panels and become self-consumers.
The priority for Serbia is the adoption of the necessary secondary legislation to enable implementation of the Law on the Use of Renewable Energy Sources.