Oil

Implementation indicators

  • Stockholding obligation

    Stockholding obligation

    The emergency oil stocks obligation, calculated based on inland consumption, covers an estimated number of 21 days, which is expected to rise to 25 by the end of 2021 as a result of public procurements for the purchase of diesel, fuel oil and crude oil. An action plan for the establishment and maintenance of emergency stocks of crude oil and oil products was adopted by the Government in May 2021. The Rulebook on Defining the Yearly Programme of Emergency Oil Stocks for 2021 was adopted in June 2021.

  • Emergency procedures

    Emergency procedures

    The 2019 Emergency Response Plan outlines procedures and criteria for the identification of a supply disruption and procedures for the normalization of supply to the Serbian market. It also appoints the authority and assigns the responsibility for eliminating supply disruptions. The plan includes actions to make emergency stocks available to the market in case of international decisions.

  • Fuel specifications of petrol, diesel and gas oil for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM)

    Fuel specifications of petrol, diesel and gas oil for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM)

    The Rulebook on the Technical and Other Requirements for Liquid Fuels of Petroleum Origin, adopted in December 2020, applies as of 1 January 2021. Environmental specifications for petrol and diesel are in conformity with European requirements. Gas oil used for NRMM is also compliant with the Fuel Quality Directive.

  • Monitoring compliance and reporting including the lay down the rules on penalties

    Monitoring compliance and reporting including the lay down the rules on penalties

    As required by the Energy Law, a quality monitoring programme for petroleum products is in place. Monitoring of the quality of gasoline and diesel and gas oil for NRMM is carried out in accordance with the SRPS EN 14274 standard. All penalty provisions are specified in the Law on Technical Requirements for Products and Conformity Assessments.

State of compliance

A long-term plan for the establishment and maintenance of emergency stocks of crude oil and oil products was adopted by the Government in May 2021. As per the action plan, preparation of public private partnership arrangements has begun and market research on exploring the oil companies’ interest in such partnerships was conducted. Activities on the formation of emergency oil stock reserves continued during this reporting period, including public procurement for the purchase of Euro Diesel in an amount of 15 kt, while public procurement for 12 kt fuel oil and 26 kt crude oil is ongoing (expected to be finalized in the fourth quarter of 2021). The current estimated number of days of emergency reserves is 21, calculated based on inland consumption, and expected to rise to 25 by the end of 2021.

During the latest reporting period, activities on fuel quality continued. The Rulebook on the Content and Manner of Implementation of the Annual Programme for Monitoring the Quality of Petroleum Products and Biofuels for 2021 was adopted in April 2021. Trade of leaded petrol on the market is forbidden and diesel quality is very good. Gas oil used for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM) is also compliant with the environmental specifications of the Fuel Quality Directive.