Environment

State of compliance

 

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Directive

    Large Combustion Plants / Industrial Emissions Directive

    The Laws on Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment as well as the relevant secondary legislation prescribe the necessary rules regarding both assessments. Currently, amendments to the national legislation on environmental impact assessment are being prepared in order to incorporate the amendments introduced by Directive 2014/52/EU. This work is expected to be finalised by end 2018.

    In Serbia, environmental impact assessments are carried out by different authorities depending on the responsibilities for issuing building permits, while all environmental impact assessments with potential transboundary impact fall under the responsibility of the Ministry of Environmental Protection. The assessments carried out during the reporting period include one small hydropower plant Vrelo, consent for the development of a transmission line and for Block 3 of the Kostolac Thermal Power Plant. Public hearings were carried out for each of them. Additionally, a decision on restarting the procedure for consent on the environmental impact assessment for the hydropower plant Pakleshtica was issued. Transboundary assessments are being carried out in the case of projects requiring an environmental impact assessment as well as plans and programmes requiring a strategic environmental assessment. There is no information of any transboundary assessments in the reporting period concerning projects or plans and programmes related to network energy.

    However, the impact assessment processes need further strengthening. The organization of systemic training is planned for the most relevant horizontal aspects of both the environmental impact assessment and the strategic environmental impact assessment.

  • Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    The legal framework aiming to transpose the Directive consists of the Energy Law, the Law on Technical Requirements for Products and Conformity Assessment and the Rulebook on the Technical and Other Requirements for Liquid Fuels.

    A dispute settlement case (Case-ECS 04/13) against Serbia for the incomplete transposition of the provisions of the Directive is open since 2013. As confirmed by the Ministerial Council in 2016, Serbia is in breach of the Energy Community acquis communautaire by not adopting the necessary measures to limit the sulphur content of heavy fuel oil at 1.00% by mass, as required by the Directive. As a consequence of non-compliance with the decision of the Ministerial Council, a new case (Case-ECS 03/08S) under Article 92 of the Energy Community Treaty was opened. Should Serbia not comply with the decision of the Ministerial Council, the Secretariat will have to take the case further.

    The fuels used in ships navigating in the inland waterways of Serbia must have less than 1.00% sulphur by mass in accordance with the Rulebook on Technical and Other Requirements for Liquid Fuels of Petroleum Origin. The provisions on marine fuels do not apply to this Contracting Party.

    The Directive’s provisions on sampling and analysis are implemented in accordance with the Annual Programme on Fuel Quality Monitoring.

  • Large Combustion Plants Directive

    Large Combustion Plants / Industrial Emissions Directive

    Serbia has transposed the emission limit values set in the Large Combustion Plants and Industrial Emissions Directives through the Decree on the Emission Limit Values of the Pollutants into the Air from the Combustion Plants. Emission limit values for new and existing plants are set on the basis of the Industrial Emissions and the Large Combustion Plants Directives, respectively.

    Serbia has eight large combustion plants on the opt-out list established by Decision 2016/19/MC-EnC of the Ministerial Council. Serbia confirmed that out of those, four plants have started their opt-out on 1 January 2018, meaning that the registration of their operating hours cannot be higher than 20,000 hours up until 31 December 2023.

    In the preparation phase, the Secretariat recommended certain amendments to the Draft National Emission Reduction Plan (NERP). The final version of the NERP, however, has not been adopted to date.

    With regard to the monitoring and reporting of emissions, the Decree on the measurement of emissions of pollutants into the air from stationary sources of pollution regulates these issues in compliance with the provisions of the Large Combustion Plants Directive.

  • Wild Birds Directive

    Wild Birds Directive

    The Serbian Law on Nature Protection transposes the relevant provision on establishing Special Protection Areas for wild birds. Implementation of the Wild Birds Directive takes place at national, provincial and local level. The authorities in charge of implementing the Directive are the Ministry of Environmental Protection together with the relevant agencies (at national level) and the Provincial Secretariat for Urban Planning and Environmental Protection together with the Provincial Institute for Nature Conservation (at regional level).

    The country is still in the process of implementing the strategy for biodiversity (2011-2018) and developing the ecological networks further, including Natura 2000. National and local administrative capacities as well as the institutional set-up need considerable strengthening, particularly with regard to enforcement. In the area of biodiversity protection, the development of Natura 2000 sites should be the main priority.