Energy efficiency

State of compliance

Serbia has achieved a relatively high level of implementation of the energy efficiency acquis, including via additional measures during the last twelve months. The full transposition of the Energy Efficiency Directive and adoption of updated regulation for implementation of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive is still pending.

  • Energy Efficiency Directive

    Energy Efficiency Directive

    Currently, the Law on Efficient Use of Energy adopted in March 2013 transposes most of the provisions of Directive 2006/32/EC. The Ministry of Mining and Energy has worked to improve the Law’s compliance with the Directive (e.g. energy audits and energy management) and enable implementation of eco-design requirements and energy supply contracting. However, the Secretariat suggested complete revision of the Law to achieve full compliance with the Directive, with assistance of the ongoing EU IPA project.

    During the last twelve months, the Ministry of Mining and Energy has continued activities on the implementation of Article 5 of the Directive. In August 2018, it sent an official notification to the Secretariat, including an inventory of central government buildings with a total useful floor area of over 250 m2 that should be renovated. A draft notification on Article 7 was finalised (with support of REEP Plus Programme), but its submission to Secretariat is pending. The Ministry plans to strengthen human capacities to support implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive.

    Serbia has missed the following reporting deadlines foreseen by the Directive: 30 March 2017 for Article 4, 15 March 2017 for Article 7 and 30 June 2019 for Article 24(1) and 30 April 2019 for Article 24(2).

  • NEEAPs and targets

    NEEAPs and targets

    The third Energy Efficiency Action Plan was adopted in December 2016 and includes measures on supply side and end-use sectors covering the period until 2018. There is ongoing work on the fourth Energy Efficiency Action Plan, but its submission to the Secretariat is delayed (deadline was 30 April 2019). It should include reporting on the achievement of the 9% energy savings target by 2018 and measures to reach 2020 energy efficiency targets. Currently, the 2020 energy efficiency targets are included as primary and final energy caps on consumption in the Programme of Implementation of the Energy Strategy, which was adopted in November 2017.

    Serbia calculated both an annual 1% renovation target for central government buildings and a 0,7% target under the energy efficiency obligation scheme. While the first target was officially adopted in August 2018, adoption and notification of the Article 7 target is still pending.  

    The second Annual Progress Report under Directive 2012/27/EU was submitted to the Secretariat in November 2018, as required by Article 24(1) of Directive 2012/27/EU. The submission of the third Annual Report is pending.

  • ESCO market development and financing

    ESCO market development and financing

    Serbia has developed an enabling legal framework for energy performance contracting (incl. a rulebook with model contracts) and a number of projects in buildings, public lighting and district heating have been implemented together with energy service companies (ESCOs). The ESCO market in Serbia is evolving, with 35 public street lighting and seven building/heat supply ESCO projects being approved by the State Commission for Public-Private Partnership. 

    The Law on Efficient Use of Energy defines the ESCO concept, sets rules for ESCO projects and provides the overall legal framework for energy performance contracting. The Law on Housing and Building Maintenance introduced the ESCO model of financing in the residential sector. The ESCO model could be further improved as a result of lessons learnt from implementation, upgraded public–private partnership legislation, strengthened institutional capacities and coordination, better tendering procedures and parallel promotional and informational activities (incl. a dedicated web section).

    The state financing for energy efficiency has been improved and extended with the introduction of a new energy efficiency fee under the general Law on Fees for the Use of Public Goods, adopted in December 2018. This, in combination with a comprehensive programme for energy efficiency improvements in the residential sector launched in September 2018 by the EBRD Green Economy Financing Facility, will significantly improve funding for energy efficiency projects.

  • Energy efficiency in buildings

    Energy efficiency in buildings

    Little progress has been achieved regarding the implementation of Directive 2010/31/EU. The Ministry of Construction, Transport and Infrastructure is in the process of updating the current legislation in order to transpose and implement additional requirements of Directive 2010/31/EU, including cost-optimal level calculations, revision of minimum energy performance requirements and the energy performance certification system. Relevant by-laws were drafted with REEP Plus and GIZ technical assistance but their adoption is pending. The priority should also be the development of the long-term renovation strategy for buildings.

    Programmes for rehabilitation of public buildings are ongoing, also financially supported by the state Budgetary Fund for Energy Efficiency. The inventory and 1% target for central government buildings with a total useful floor area of over 250 m2 that should be renovated was adopted by the Government in August 2018. The Council of Europe Development Bank will support Serbia with a EUR 45 million investment loan for the Energy Efficiency Renovation Programme of Central Government Buildings, in combination with a EUR 300.000 WBIF grant as technical assistance for investment preparation support.

    Regarding energy efficiency measures in residential buildings, a comprehensive programme for energy efficiency improvements was launched in September 2018 by the EBRD Green Economy Financing Facility (GEFF). It combines technical assistance, advice and investments to households and related service providers.

  • Energy efficient products - labelling

    Energy efficient products - labelling

    Directive 2010/30/EU and ten delegated acts were transposed with the adoption of the Decree and Rulebooks on the Labelling of Energy-Related Products and rulebooks on vacuum cleaners, tumble driers, ovens and range hoods were adopted in 2017. The rulebook for the energy labelling of space heaters, combination heaters, packages of space heater, temperature control and solar device and packages of combination heater, temperature control and solar device was adopted in February 2018. The rulebook for the energy labelling of water heaters, hot water storage tanks and packages of water heater and solar device was adopted and entered into force in September 2018.

    The remaining rulebook for energy efficient labelling of household combined washer dryers, as well as a new framework Labelling Regulation and a package of six new delegated regulations adopted by the Energy Community Ministerial Council in November 2018 (Decision 2018/03/MC-EnC), still need to be adopted.

  • Institutional capacities

    Institutional capacities

    The Ministry of Mining and Energy is the key institution for implementation of state energy efficiency policy, while the Ministry of Construction, Transport and Infrastructure is responsible for developing and updating legislation for the improvement of energy performance of buildings. State support for measures in the public sector is provided through the budgetary fund for energy efficiency, which is operational since 2014 and focused mostly on the public sector. There is a plan to create a national fund for energy efficiency by the end of 2019, which would have stable financing coming from the fee on energy efficiency introduced in December 2018. The new fund would extend financing of energy efficiency projects to all sectors.

    The Ministries reported about the needs and plans to strengthen the currently weak human capacities for implementation of the energy efficiency directives. Human resource capacities for energy efficiency in the Ministry of Mining and Energy were slightly increased but still remain insufficient to effectively implement the required reforms.