Energy efficiency

State of compliance

Serbia has achieved a relatively high level of implementation of the energy efficiency acquis, only the full transposition of the Energy Efficiency Directive is pending.

  • Energy Efficiency Directive

    Energy Efficiency Directive

    Currently, the Law on Efficient Use of Energy adopted in March 2013 transposes the key provisions of Directive 2006/32/EC. The Ministry of Mining and Energy has adopted a package of secondary legislation to enable the implementation of Law, including certain aspects of Directive 2012/27/EU (e.g. energy management).  An IPA project will support the drafting of amendments to the existing Law to bring it into compliance with Directive 2012/27/EU. According to Serbia, the transposition of the Directive will start in the second half of 2018.

    The 3rd EEAP was adopted in December 2016 and includes a roadmap for implementation of Directive 2012/27/EU. During the reporting period, the Ministry of Mining and Energy continued certain activities, including work on an inventory of central government buildings and implementation of Article 5 (with assistance of a bilateral GIZ project) and of Article 7 (with support of REEP Plus). The Ministry plans to strengthen human capacities to support implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive.

    Serbia has missed the following reporting deadlines foreseen by the Directive: 30 March 2017 for Article 4, 1 January 2017 for Article 5, 15 March 2017 for Article 7 and 30 June 2018 for Article 24(1). 

  • NEEAPs and targets

    NEEAPs and targets

    The 3rd Energy Efficiency Action Plan was adopted in December 2016 and includes measures on supply side and end-use sectors covering the period until 2018.  There is only a 9% energy savings target to be achieved in 2018.

    The 1st Annual Report under Directive 2012/27/EU was submitted in June 2017, as required by Article 24(1) of Directive 2012/27/EU. The 2020 energy efficiency target was set in the Programme of Implementation of Energy Strategy, which was adopted in November 2017, as primary and final energy cap consumption. Serbia submitted the 2nd Annual Report  under the Energy Efficiency Directive to the Secretariat in November 2018.

  • ESCO market development and financing

    ESCO market development and financing

    Serbia has developed an enabling legal framework for energy performance contracting (incl. a rulebook with model contracts) and number of projects in buildings, public lighting and district heating have been implemented together with energy service companies (ESCOs). In practical terms,  19 street lighting, 9 buildings and 1 district heating ESCO projects have been tendered and in different phases of implementation.

    The Law on Efficient Use of Energy defines the ESCO concept, sets rules for ESCO projects and provides the overall legal framework for energy performance contracting. The Law on Housing and Building Maintenance introduced the ESCO model of financing in the residential sector. The first ESCO public lighting projects are ongoing, while projects in district heating and buildings are in planning phase. The ESCO model can be further improved as a result of lessons learnt from implementation, upgraded public–private partnership legislation, strengthened institutional capacities and coordination, better tendering procedures and parallel promotional and informational activities (incl. a dedicated web section).

  • Energy efficiency in buildings

    Energy efficiency in buildings

    The Law on Construction and Planning, the Law on Efficient Use of Energy, the Rulebook on Energy Efficiency of Buildings, the Rulebook on Conditions, Content and Manner of Issuance of Certificates of Energy Performance of Buildings, and the Rulebook on Inspection of Heating and Air Conditioning Systems transposed core provisions of Directive 2010/31/EU. Minimum energy performance requirements have been set (focusing on thermal characteristics of buildings) and, until now, more than 2.000 energy performance certificates have been issued.

    However, little progress has been achieved regarding the full transposition of Directive 2010/31/EU since the last Implementation Report. The Ministry of Construction, Transport and Infrastructure is in the process of updating the current legislation in order to transpose and implement additional requirements of Directive 2010/31/EU, including cost-optimal level calculations, revision of minimum energy performance requirements and the energy performance certification system.

    Programmes for rehabilitation of public buildings are ongoing, also financially supported by the state Budgetary Fund for Energy Efficiency. The priority should be the creation of long-term renovation strategies and new rehabilitation programmes for residential buildings, as well as increased use of locally available renewable energy sources.

  • Energy efficient products - labelling

    Energy efficient products - labelling

    Directive 2010/30/EU and ten delegated acts were transposed with the adoption of the Decree and Rulebooks on the Labelling of Energy-Related Products and rulebooks on vacuum cleaners, tumble driers, ovens and range hoods were adopted in 2017. In February 2018, the rulebook for the energy labelling of space heaters, combination heaters, packages of space heater, temperature control and solar device and packages of combination heater, temperature control and solar device was adopted.

    The remaining two rulebooks for energy efficient water heaters and combined washer dryers were drafted, but their adoption is pending. Therefore, Serbia is not fully compliant with the labelling acquis.

    It is worth to mention that Serbia started in parallel on implementation of ecoddesign requirements for Energy Efficient Products, with fourteen rulebooks being drafted, and ten rulebooks in drafting phase (by July 2018). 

  • Institutional capacities

    Institutional capacities

    The Ministry of Mining and Energy is the key institution for implementation of state energy efficiency policy, while the Ministry of Construction, Transport and Infrastructure is responsible for developing and updating legislation for the improvement of energy performances of buildings. State support for measures in the public sector is provided through the budgetary fund for energy efficiency, which is operational since 2014. It can finance energy efficiency measures in different sectors, but it is currently open mainly to municipalities. Given the large scale of energy efficiency investments needed, the fund has a small impact and should be expanded.

    The Ministry is constantly reporting about the needs and plans to strengthen the currently weak human capacities for implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive within the Ministry.