Climate

State of compliance

The legal basis for work on climate issues and creation of national greenhouse gas inventories is the Law on Air Quality. Serbia’s draft climate change law is largely in line with the climate acquis. A public consultation process was concluded in April 2018 and the law is expected to be adopted by the end of 2019.   
 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Reviewing the national greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems with a view to align with the Regulation (EU) 525/2013

    • Develop a National Inventory System for greenhouse gas emission
      The competent authority for data collection in Serbia is the Environmental Protection Agency. The agency started to prepare inventories in early 2013, covering the period 1990 – 2013, and updates the inventory on a regular basis. The country is using the methodology of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. To date, there are still no legal instruments to force operators refusing to share information on GHG emissions. Nonetheless, an EU-Serbia twinning project, finalized in the first quarter of 2018, supported the establishment of institutional and procedural arrangements for the implementation of the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation, thus strengthening administrative capacities of the relevant climate change institutions. Compliance regarding the establishment of a National Inventory System, in line with relevant MMR provisions, could be assessed upon the adoption of the Law on Climate Change.
    • Low Carbon-development Strategies Adopt Low-Carbon Development Strategies
      Preparation of the National Low Carbon Development Strategy supported by an action plan, which started in July 2016, is in its final phases and its adoption is planned in the next quarter. Policy gaps, priority emissions reduction measures and the responsible institutions were identified. The preparation of the strategy is focused on developing a set of mitigation scenarios and a framework for an adaptation policy addressing the priority areas of agriculture, forestry and water management.
    • Introduce legislation defining national systems for Policies, Measures and Projections
      The cost-effective greenhouse gases mitigation potential of Serbia is assessed through the preparation of a set of quantitative scenarios/projections and regular reporting thereon. The scenarios are developed using the PRIMES-GEM-E3 modelling framework, complemented with the CAPRI model, covering key economic sectors for the years 2020, 2025, 2030, 2050 and 2070. The modelling exercise is completed. Continuity of monitoring and reporting on policy and measures and projections is recommended.
       
  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) as part of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC

    • Technical Working Group (TWG)
      Following the adoption of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC and the Policy Guidelines 03/2018-ECS  on the development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), an Energy and Climate Technical Working Group composed of technical experts designated by the Contracting Parties was established at regional level in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee.
      Serbia has not officially set up a national working group to prepare the NECPs yet. At present, coordination among ministries and civil society on climate issues is ensured through periodical meetings of the National Climate Change Committee.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a reference scenario
      The analytical and technical aspects of the plans have not been addressed yet.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a policy scenario
      The analytical and technical aspects of the plans have not been addressed yet.
    • Develop templates for national plans
      The template for the NECP has been discussed and clarified on several occasions. The plan will be elaborated following the structure and parameters indicated in Annex I of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999.
    • Organize regional consultations and peer review
      Preliminary regional consultations were launched in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee and its Technical Working Group, to which Serbia participated.
      After the submission of the draft national plans, a consultation with the other Contracting Parties and EU Member States shall be organised. The consultation will result in an opinion issued by the Secretariat on the draft national plan.
    • Submit National Energy and Climate Plans
      Serbia shall submit the final plan to the Secretariat by October 2020.