Climate

Implementation indicators

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting system

    The draft Climate Change Law is foreseen to be adopted by the end of 2020, it is in line with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation, as it contains specific provisions on setting up a greenhouse gas (GHG) emission inventory, low carbon development strategies as well as policies, measures and GHG projections.

  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Serbia has not set up a national working group to prepare the NECPs. Drafting and analytical work on the NECPs is yet to be launched. Serbia will prepare the analytical basis and the NECP through the IPA “Further Development of Energy Planning Capacity Project (follow-up to IPA 2013)” to be started in the forthcoming period.

State of compliance

Serbia is currently preparing an update of its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement, the second Biennial Update Report and the third National Communication. In its first NDC, the country made a pledge to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 9,8% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.

The adoption of the Law on Climate Change, envisaged for 2019, was postponed until the forthcoming period. The Law will cover provisions on establishing an MRV framework, a GHG emission inventory system, mainstreaming of climate policies, i.e. low carbon development strategies into the relevant institutional and legal framework, as well as procedural arrangements relevant for setting up a national system for policies, measures and projections. For the time being, the legal basis for work on climate issues and the creation of national GHG inventories remains the Law on Air Quality. The competent authority for data collection in Serbia is the Environmental Protection Agency. Although the institutional and procedural arrangements and administrative capacities of the relevant institutions were strengthened in recent years, there are currently no legal instruments to force operators refusing to share information on GHG emissions for the compilation of national inventories.

The draft Low Carbon Development Strategy with Action Plan (LCDSAP) passed public consultations (January 2020) and is undergoing inter-ministerial consultations before being submitted for adoption. The draft LCDSAP covers the period up to 2030 and a perspective until 2050. It aims to support Serbia in fulfilling its obligations under the Paris Agreement as well as to present options for alignment of the country’s GHG emissions pathway to the EU’s in an affordable and socially fair way.

The Government has prepared an analysis for the potential revision of the draft Law on Climate Change in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 as well as a proposal for the division of institutional competences. A working group was established by which the revision of the NDC is carried out in line with the LCDSAP. While the preparation of the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) has not yet commenced, the process can build on the policy planning and analytical work undertaken under the LCDSAP and NDC update. Since Serbia has not officially set up a national working group to prepare the NECPs yet, the process should be launched and streamlined without any further delay.