Climate

State of compliance

The legal basis for work on climate issues and creation of national greenhouse gas inventories is the Law on Air Quality. Serbia’s Climate Change Law is finalized and largely in line with the climate acquis. A public consultation process was concluded in April 2018 and the Law is expected to be adopted by the end of 2018. 
 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Reviewing the national greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems with a view to align with the Regulation (EU) 525/2013

    • Develop a National Inventory System for greenhouse gas emission
      The competent authority for data collection in Serbia is the Environmental Protection Agency. The agency started to prepare inventories in early 2013, covering the period 1990-2013, and updates the inventory on a regular basis. The country is using the methodology of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. To date, there are still no legal instruments to force operators refusing to share information on GHG emissions. Nonetheless, an EU-Serbia twinning project, finalized in the first quarter of 2018, supported the establishment of institutional and procedural arrangements for the implementation of the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (MMR), thus strengthening administrative capacities of the relevant climate change institutions. Compliance regarding the establishment of a National Inventory System, in line with relevant MMR provisions, could be assessed upon the adoption of the Law on Climate Change (end 2018).
    • Low Carbon-development Strategies Adopt Low-Carbon Development Strategies
      Preparation of the National Climate Change Strategy, which started in July 2016, is advancing. Policy gaps, priority emissions reduction measures and the responsible institutions were identified. The preparation of the strategy is now focused on developing a set of mitigation scenarios and a framework for an adaptation policy addressing the priority areas of agriculture, forestry and water management.
    • Introduce legislation defining national systems for Policies, Measures and Projections
      The cost-effective greenhouse gases mitigation potential of Serbia will be assessed through the preparation of a set of quantitative scenarios/projections and regular reporting thereon. The scenarios will be developed using the PRIMES-GEM-E3 modelling framework complemented with the CAPRI model, covering key economic sectors for the years 2020, 2025, 2030, 2050 and 2070. As the work on this provision is ongoing and the results are thus expected only in the first quarter of 2019, compliance with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 cannot be verified at this stage. Continuity of monitoring and reporting on policy and measures and projections is recommended.
  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) as part of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC

    • Technical Working Group (TWG)
      Following the adoption of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC and the Policy Guidelines 03/2018-ECS on the development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), an Energy and Climate Technical Working Group composed of technical experts designated by the Contracting Parties was established at regional level in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee.
      Serbia has not officially set up a national working group to prepare the NECPs yet. However, the Ministry of Environmental Protection established the Working group on development of the Climate change Strategy and Action Plan, while the Ministry of Mining and Energy established a Working group for the Development of energy planning capacity. The two working groups work closely and exchange information and data in order to ensure the preconditions for the future development of integrated National Energy and Climate Plan.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a reference scenario
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a policy scenario
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Develop templates for national plans
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Organize regional consultations and peer review
      Preliminary regional consultations have been launched in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee and its Technical Working Group, to which Serbia participated.
      After the submission of the draft national plans, a consultation with the other Contracting Parties and EU Member States shall be organised. The consultation will result in an opinion issued by the Secretariat on the draft national plan.
    • Submit National Energy and Climate Plans
      Serbia shall submit the final plan to the Secretariat by October 2020.