Renewable energy

State of compliance



  • National Renewable Energy Action Plan

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) and progress towards the 28% target in 2020

    In 2018, the Ministerial Council of the Energy Community decided to revise the renewable energy target of North Macedonia from 28% to 23%. The background is the biomass consumption survey conducted by the Statistical Office revealing updated figures for 2009, the baseline year for target setting. The country’s revised NREAP is  designed to achieve a 24% target in 2020.

    In 2017, the country achieved a 19,7% share of energy from renewable sources, lower than the 21% trajectory for the years 2017 - 2018. The third Progress Report on the promotion of energy from renewable sources was submitted to the Secretariat.

  • Quality of the support schemes

    Quality of the support schemes

    In 2019, the current support scheme based on feed-in tariffs for small hydro, wind, solar PV and power plants using biogas and biomass was revised and replaced with renewable energy auctions for large projects. The first rounds of auctions for solar PV to be built on public and private land totalling 62MW took place and the announcement of winners is pending.

    A support scheme based on a feed-in premium would be introduced once the day-ahead trading platform is in place. In order to ensure compliance with the Guidelines on State Aid for Environmental Protection and Energy 2014 - 2020, the capacity cap per type of renewable energy technology has to be removed in the NREAP. This will ensure cost-effective achievement of the 2020 renewable energy target based on the decrease of costs of renewable energy technologies in the past years.

    Cooperation mechanisms

    The provisions related to cooperation mechanisms among the Contracting Parties or with EU Member States are transposed by the 2018 Energy Law.

  • Integration to the grids

    Integration to the grids

    The rules on connection to the grids are published by the transmission and distribution system operators. However, specific rules for taking renewable energy into consideration in transmission and distribution network development planning are still to be adopted. To comply fully with Article 16 of Directive 2009/28/EC, MEPSO and EVN as network operators have to become more transparent towards producers of renewable energy with regard to information on the estimated costs and timeframe for connection. The regulator has to ensure that rules for connection and access to the networks are implemented in a non-discriminatory and objective way for private and state companies, as currently the state companies are being treated with priority.

    There are no rules on renewable energy self-consumption for distributed generation to encourage and enable customers to become prosumers.

    Priority access and priority dispatch are being implemented in practice. Until the establishment of the intraday market, the market operator, which is the single buyer of renewable energy under the support scheme, is taking balance responsibility for the entire portfolio of preferential producers; however, each producer must submit generation schedules and is financially responsible for deviations.

  • Administrative procedures

    Administrative procedures

    In the past few years, several steps have been taken to remove some of the burdensome administrative procedures linked to authorization, urban planning and property issues. Deadlines have been shortened, unnecessary procedural steps have been abolished and gaps in coordination between authorities have been overcome to some extent. Investor guides for various renewable energy technologies are published on the Ministry’s website. While a one-stop shop for all permit applications is yet to be established, a simplified procedure for solar PV installation on buildings is applicable since 2016. Compliance with Article 13 of Directive 2009/28/EC remains to be achieved in practice.

    Guarantees of origin

    A certification system based on guarantees of origin has been established. The Energy Agency is in charge of the implementation of the certification system and the issuing body for these types of certificates. That said, the implementation of the system of issue, transfer and cancelation of guarantees of origin has not advanced in the last reporting period. According to the existing regulations, the guarantees of origin are only issued to producers which do not benefit from feed-in tariffs. A register for guarantees of origin is already established, but there are no applications at the moment, not even from the existing large hydropower plant producers. The country shall amend the regulation to implement the 2018 Energy Law and increase compliance with the renewable energy acquis. Compatibility with the standardised European Energy Certificate System and membership in the Association of Issuing Bodies (AIB) remain to be achieved.

    Renewable energy in heating and cooling

    Whilst secondary legislation on the use of renewable energy for heating and cooling in buildings is in place, proper implementation by the competent central and local authorities is still lacking. In spite of this, several programmes have been launched and carried on year by year, including on subsidising solar thermal collectors and pellet stoves. Compliance with the renewable energy acquis has been partially achieved in this sector.

  • Renewable energy in transport

    Renewable energy in transport

    Articles 17 to 21 of Directive 2009/28/EC related to sustainability of biofuels are still not transposed and the country’s legal framework remains completely non-compliant with Directive 2009/28/EC in the transport sector. Without proper incentives and mandatory blending obligations in place, most of the biofuels currently produced are exported under a voluntary industrial certification scheme recognised in the EU, instead of counting towards the fulfilment of the national target. The actual renewable energy share in the domestic transport fuel market is negligible – 0,1%, which is far from the planned NREAP trajectory.