Environment

State of compliance
 


 

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Directive

    Environmental Impact Assessment / Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive

    The Law on Environment and the relevant secondary legislation closely follow the structure and the content of the Environmental Impact Assessment Directive, effectively transposing it into national law. The amendments introduced by Directive 2014/52/EU have not been transposed yet.

    During the past year, the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning received a notification regarding the gas interconnection between North Macedonia and Greece. In September 2018, a decision approving the environmental permit of the Dren wind farm was issued. Furthermore, twelve photovoltaic projects and three gas pipelines (TIRZ Bunardzik, Suto Orizari and Butel) received the approval of their environmental impact assessment. In June 2019, the notification for the environmental impact assessment of the gas interconnection between North Macedonia and Greece was submitted and it is expected that the procedure is carried out during the next reporting period.

    Further enhancement of administrative capacities both at central and local level is necessary and public participation still needs to be strengthened. Particular regard has to be taken to the full compliance with the provisions of the Directive as a prerequisite of any hydropower development project.

    With regard to strategic environmental assessment, the provisions of the Directive have been fully transposed into national legislation.

  • Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    The Law on Ambient Air Quality and the Rulebooks on the quality of liquid fuels form the legal framework that transposes the provisions of the Directive. The maximum thresholds for the sulphur content of heavy fuel oil and gas oil are fully transposed, as well as the sampling and analysis provisions, thus achieving full compliance with the acquis. Due to the lack of domestic production, fuels covered by the scope of the Directive are imported from Greece, with regular sampling and analysis taking place at the border.

    The provisions on marine fuels do not apply to this Contracting Party.

  • Large Combustion Plants Directive

    Large Combustion Plants / Industrial Emissions Directive

    The emission limit values are set in compliance with the Large Combustion Plants Directive by the Rulebook on the Limit Values for the Permissible Levels of Emissions and Types of Pollutants in the Exhaust Gases and Vaporous Emitted into the Air from Stationary Sources. The adoption of the new Law on Industrial Emissions was delayed. Currently, its adoption is expected by the end of 2019. 

    North Macedonia adopted a National Emission Reduction Plan (NERP) for large combustion plants in April 2017 and has started with its implementation on 1 January 2018. There are no large combustion plants under the opt-out regime in this Contracting Party.

    The Rulebook on the methodology, approaches, procedures, methods and means for measuring the emissions from stationary sources sets up the necessary monitoring requirements. The reporting data is being gathered by the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning according to the Rulebook on the form and the content of data submission. North Macedonia complied with its reporting obligations on pollutants under the scope of the Directive by submitting the relevant information to the European Environment Agency.

  • Wild Birds Directive

    Wild Birds Directive

    The designation of special protection areas (SPAs) in accordance with Article 4(2) of the Wild Birds Directive is reflected in the Law on Nature Protection. An implementation plan for the Wild Birds Directive was prepared and the annual programme for nature conservation for 2019 was adopted. Work is underway to identify potential Natura 2000 sites and three potential SPAs under the Wild Birds Directive were identified. Despite efforts to increase the human resources dedicated to this area, sustainable and long-term funding for protected areas is still missing. 

    The obligations arising from the Wild Birds Directive shall be respected and taken into account by the Contracting Party whenever the development of projects related to network energy is discussed, with particular regard to hydropower projects.