Environment

State of compliance
 


 

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Directive

    Environmental Impact Assessment / Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive

    The Law on Environment and the relevant secondary legislation closely follow the structure and the content of the Environmental Impact Assessment Directive, effectively transposing it into national law. The Law on Environment transposed the country’s obligations regarding the transboundary effects of certain projects. However, there is no information on transboundary environmental impact assessments being carried out.

    During the reporting period, the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning issued a Decision confirming the need to conduct an environmental impact assessment for the construction of a dam on the Slupchanska River and, in April 2018, the environmental impact assessment study was published on the Ministry’s website. Two other Notifications regarding network energy projects were sent to the Ministry by investors. Both were related to wind farm constructions, one in the Municipality of Gevgelija and the second (the Dren wind farm) in the municipalities of Gevgelija and Demir Kapija.

    However, the country’s administrative capacities are still insufficient and weak. Further improvement both at central and local level is necessary. Furthermore, public participation still needs to be strengthened especially in the hydropower and mining sectors.

    With regard to strategic environmental assessment, the provisions of the Directive have been fully transposed into national legislation.

  • Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    The Law on Ambient Air Quality and the Rulebooks on the quality of liquid fuels form the legal framework that transpose the provisions of the Directive. The maximum thresholds for the sulphur content of heavy fuel oil and gas oil are fully transposed, as well as the sampling and analysis provisions and therefore full compliance has been achieved. Due to the lack of domestic production, fuels covered by the scope of the Directive are imported from Greece, with regular sampling and analysis taking place at the border.

    The provisions on marine fuels do not apply to this Contracting Party.

  • Large Combustion Plants Directive

    Large Combustion Plants / Industrial Emissions Directive

    The emission limit values are set in compliance with the Large Combustion Plants Directive by the Rulebook on the Limit Values for the Permissible Levels of Emissions and Types of Pollutants in the Exhaust Gases and Vaporous Emitted into the Air from Stationary Sources. A new Law on Industrial Emissions has been prepared and is expected to be adopted by the end of 2018 along with the related secondary legislation.

    North Macedonia adopted a National Emission Reduction Plan (NERP) for large combustion plants in April 2017 and has started with its implementation on 1 January 2018. There are no large combustion plants under the opt-out regime in this Contracting Party.

    The Rulebook on the methodology, approaches, procedures, methods and means for measuring the emissions from stationary sources sets up the necessary monitoring requirements. The reporting data is being gathered by the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning according to the Rulebook on the form and the content of data submission. The collected data is expected to be sent to the Secretariat based on the rules established in the approved NERP.

  • Wild Birds Directive

    Wild Birds Directive

    The designation of special protection areas (SPAs) in accordance with Article 4(2) of the Wild Birds Directive is reflected in the Law on Nature Protection. An implementation plan for the Birds Directive was prepared; it is however not adopted yet. Three potential SPAs under the Wild Birds Directive have been identified and the authorities of North Macedonia have developed a plan for future field research. An amendment to the Law on Nature Protection, aimed at increasing the human resources dedicated to this area, was drafted; it is however still not adopted.

    The obligations arising from the Birds Directive shall be respected and taken into account by the Contracting Party whenever the development of projects related to network energy is discussed.