Energy efficiency

State of compliance

The most relevant progress made in 2019 was the finalisation of the all-inclusive Energy Efficiency Law compliant with Directive EU/2012/27 on energy efficiency and Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU, Regulation on Labelling of energy –related products 2010/30/EU and Directive on Eco-design of energy related products 2009/125/EC. The North Macedonian Parliament finally adopted the Law in February 2020, which sets new standards of a best practice in the Energy Community.

  • Energy Efficiency Directive

    Energy Efficiency Directive

    With the adoption of Energy Efficiency Law in February 2020, North Macedonia transposed the Directive EU/2012/27 on energy efficiency. However, the existing secondary legislation will have to be amended or issued new ones to implement the Energy Efficiency Law.

  • NEEAPs and targets

    NEEAPs and targets

    The Government of North Macedonia did not adopt and submit the first EEAP under the Energy Efficiency Directive by the 30 April 2019 deadline. North Macedonia also missed the first reporting deadlines foreseen by the Energy Efficiency Directive, as follows:  30 March 2017 for Article 4, 1 January 2017 for Article 5, 15 March 2017 for Article 7 and 30 June 2017 for Article 24 (1). Later in November 2017, the Ministry of Economy submitted a 1st draft Annual Report under Article 24 (1), setting the 2020 target to the Secretariat and in July 2018, the Ministry of Economy submitted the second Annual Report, providing an update on the progress towards the target. North Macedonia submitted the third Annual Report in October June 2019, to reflect the progress towards meeting the 2020 target.

  • ESCO market development and financing

    ESCO market development and financing

    The energy services market is in the early stages of development but the new Energy Efficiency Law now covers the ESCO’s primary legal aspects.

    In 2018, North Macedonia undertook a detailed analysis of the legal and regulatory barriers to the implementation of energy performance contracts, supported by the EU-funded Regional Energy Efficiency Programme. In addition, the same technical assistance prepared a model contract for energy performance contracting (EPC) and a model contract for energy supply contracting (ESC), both adjusted, as appropriate, to the country’s legal framework. These are expected to enable the development of the energy services market.

    So far, only a few projects were implemented via the ESCO financing model.

  • Energy efficiency in buildings

    Energy efficiency in buildings

    The recently adopted Energy Efficiency Law transposed certain missing provisions related to Directive 2010/31/EU. However, the existing Rulebook on Energy Performance of Buildings needs to be amended to enable the full implementation of the law. The country also needs to adopt an updated regulation on minimum energy performance requirements of buildings, national calculation methodology, energy performance certification of buildings and inspection of heating and air-conditioning systems. This will enable country to implement Directive 2010/31/EU.

  • Energy efficient products - labelling

    Energy efficient products - labelling

    Directive 2010/30/EU and its delegated acts were transposed with the adoption of the updated Rulebook on Labelling of Energy-Related Products in September 2016. Therefore, North Macedonia is compliant with the labelling acquis that was due before 30 December 2016; preparation of secondary legislation on Labeling Regulations that need to be transposed before 1 January 2020, as well as on Eco Design, and capacity building of market inspectorate is ongoing, with technical support from donors.

  • Institutional capacities

    Institutional capacities

    The state body responsible for the implementation of national energy efficiency policy in North Macedonia is the Ministry of Economy’s Department for Energy. However, the Department has one single expert dealing with  energy efficiency since mid-2016 and very little human resources in general. The Ministry announced that it will employ five additional staff members in the Department for Energy Sector, including also for energy efficiency.

    The Energy Agency, which has more staff (10), is responsible for monitoring energy savings, analysing municipal energy efficiency programmes and plans, energy auditor certification, developing programmes at state level, etc. The Secretariat’s opinion is that the Agency should be given a more significant role in the drafting of energy efficiency secondary legislation and reporting to the Ministry of Economy and the Secretariat, in line with the Energy Efficiency Directive’s obligations.

    Since 2015, North Macedonia has expressed its intention to set up a Revolving Energy Efficiency Fund to finance renovation of public sector buildings. Yet, progress was registered only in 2018, when the World Bank pledged EUR 23 million with the expectation that the fund will become operational in 2019.