Energy efficiency

State of compliance

The most relevant progress made in 2018 was the preparation of the Energy Efficiency Law compliant with Directive EU/2012/27 on energy efficiency.

  • Energy Efficiency Directive

    Energy Efficiency Directive

    At present, North Macedonia is not compliant with Directive EU/2012/27 on energy efficiency. The Directive will be transposed by the new Law on energy efficiency that is currently being drafted by a technical working group assisted by EBRD consultants and the Energy Community Secretariat.  

     

  • NEEAPs and targets

    NEEAPs and targets

    The Government of North Macedonia adopted the 3rd EEAP in July 2017. The 3rd EEAP includes planned policy measures for transposition of Directive 2012/27/EU, which is in line with the EU Directive proposed by the EEAP Template developed by the Energy Community Secretariat. North Macedonia missed the first reporting deadlines foreseen by the Energy Efficiency Directive, as follows:  30 March 2017 for Article 4, 1 January 2017 for Article 5, 15 March 2017 for Article 7 and 30 June 2017 for Article 24 (1). Nevertheless, in November 2017, the Ministry of Economy submitted a 1st draft Annual Report under Article 24 (1), setting the 2020 target to the Energy Community Secretariat. It is still to be adopted by the Government after the adoption of the new Law. In July 2018, the Ministry of Economy submitted the 2nd Annual Report, updating on the progress towards the target.

  • ESCO market development and financing

    ESCO market development and financing

    The energy services market is not developed, and existing legislation (the Energy Law) covers the ESCO concept only superficially.

    In 2017-2018, North Macedonia undertook a detailed analysis of the legal and regulatory barriers to the implementation of energy performance contracts, supported by Swiss technical assistance and an EU-funded Regional Energy Efficiency Programme. The model contracts should be enacted as a by-law or recommend template to reduce transaction costs and to provide confidence to the public sector in engaging in such projects;  the Budget Law amended to allow for multi-annual budgeting; more flexibility should be introduced as to the timing of ownership-transfer from private to public partner; and procedures eased for funding ESCO project at municipal level.

    A model contract for energy performance contracting and energy supply contracting were also provided to the authorities as part of the technical assistance.

    Very few projects were implemented with ESCO financing to date.

  • Energy efficiency in buildings

    Energy efficiency in buildings

    The key provisions of Directive 2010/31/EU were incorporated in the Energy Law and the Rulebook on Energy Performance of Buildings. However, the amendments to the Energy Law of March 2015 resulted in non-compliance with the following Articles of Directive 2010/31/EU: Article 11 (energy performance certificates), Article 12 (issuing of energy performance certificates) and Article 13 (display of energy performance certificates). Moreover, the implementation of the Directive’s provisions with respect to existing buildings was not enacted.

    The country also failed to adopt an updated regulation on minimum energy performance requirements of buildings, national calculation methodology, energy performance certification of buildings and inspection of heating and air-conditioning systems. This constitutes a clear breach of the country’s obligation to implement Directive 2010/30/EU.

    The draft Energy Efficiency Law, currently under preparation, will transpose certain provisions related to Directive 2010/30/EU and will bring the Contracting Party in compliance.

  • Energy efficient products - labelling

    Energy efficient products - labelling

    Directive 2010/30/EU and delegated acts were transposed with the adoption of the updated Rulebook on Labelling of Energy-Related Products in September 2016. Therefore, North Macedonia is compliant with the labelling acquis.

  • Institutional capacities

    Institutional capacities

    The state body responsible for the implementation of national energy efficiency policy in North Macedonia is the Ministry of Economy’s Department for Energy. However, the Department has no expert in energy efficiency since mid-2016 and very little human resources in general.

    The Energy Agency, which has more staff (10), is responsible for monitoring energy savings, analysing municipal energy efficiency programmes and plans, energy auditor certification, developing programmes at state level, etc. The Secretariat’s opinion is that the Agency should be given a more significant role in the drafting of energy efficiency secondary legislation and reporting to the Ministry of Economy and the Secretariat, in line with the Energy Efficiency Directive obligations. 

    North Macedonia expresses its intention to set up a Revolving Energy Efficiency Fund to finance renovation of public sector buildings since 2015, but this did not yet come through.