Climate

State of compliance

The Law on Environment contains climate provisions. The preparation of a separate Law on Climate Action (including transposition of Regulation (EU) 525/2013) is expected by the end of 2019. Work the Long-term Strategy on Climate Action, consistent with the 2030 framework, started in March 2019; a first draft is expected by May 2020.

In order to align with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation, the country has prepared an assessment, which takes into account the requirement to establish the legal and institutional preconditions for the implementation of the core elements of the Regulation. The assessment recommends further actions needed on the greenhouse gas inventory, mitigation policies and projections and adaptation policies and measures under the Regulation. 

 

 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Reviewing the national greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems with a view to align with the Regulation (EU) 525/2013

    • Develop a National Inventory System for greenhouse gas emission
      Despite being a non-Annex I Party, North Macedonia’s GHG inventory meets the necessary reporting principles of Annex I countries to a great extent. Activities and tasks are standardized and roles and responsibilities of all players clearly defined. Also, it is publicly accessible on the UNFCCC webpage.
      North Macedonia has been preparing a greenhouse gas inventory since 2000, using 1996 and 2006 IPCC methodology. The last National Inventory Summary Report was submitted to the UNFCCC in 2014, along with the Third National Communication on climate change. Data on greenhouse gas emissions are verified by the National Academy of Sciences and Arts.
      In order to align with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation, an institutionalisation of the greenhouse gas inventory system is still missing. Even though a national inventory of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions by sources and sinks is mentioned in the 2005 Law on Environment, provisions clearly defining competences and reporting obligations should be adopted.
    • Low Carbon-development Strategies Adopt Low-Carbon Development Strategies
      Although there is no a specific reference to low-carbon strategies, the Law on Environment provides the legal basis for the preparation of the National Plan on Climate Change to be adopted by the Government. Work on a Long-term Strategy on Climate Action started in March 2019 and it is envisaged to end by August 2020; a first draft of the strategy will be ready by May 2020. The inception and assessment phases are already finalized.
      In addition, the Climate Change Communication Strategy and Action Plan adopted in 2014 refer to the integration of climate change priorities into country development strategies and relevant sector programmes by strengthening the information base, analytical and institutional capacity of the key national institutions.
    • Introduce legislation defining national systems for Policies, Measures and Projections
      The 2005 Law on Environment includes provisions on the development of a National Plan on Climate Change that should contain projections of greenhouse gas emissions and an analysis on the reduction of emissions.
      Assessments of mitigation potential and projections were part of each UNFCCC reporting document since 2000 as well as the NDCs. Due to the extensive use of fossil fuels and particularly the dominant share of domestic lignite for electricity production, there is significant potential in the country for policies and measures that lead to GHG emissions reduction. Vulnerable sectors and climate change adaptation measures will be addressed by revised future NDCs.
       
  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) as part of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC

    • Technical Working Group (TWG)
      Following the adoption of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC and the Policy Guidelines 03/2018-ECS  on the development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), an Energy and Climate Technical Working Group composed of technical experts designated by the Contracting Parties was established at regional level in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee.
      In March 2019, North Macedonia has officially launched a national working group to work on the NECPs. The national working group is meeting regularly, its main objective being the harmonization of the country’s energy strategy and the ongoing work on the climate strategy, consistent with the 2030 framework.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a reference scenario
      The analytical and technical aspects of the plans have been partially addressed in the country’s energy strategy.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a policy scenario
      The analytical and technical aspects of the plans have been partially addressed in the country’s energy strategy.
    • Develop templates for national plans
      The template for the NECP was discussed and clarified on several occasions. The plan will be elaborated following the structure and parameters indicated in Annex I of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999.
    • Organize regional consultations and peer review
      Preliminary regional consultations were launched in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee and its Technical Working Group, to which North Macedonia participated.
      After the submission of the draft national plans, a consultation with the other Contracting Parties and EU Member States shall be organised. The consultation will result in an opinion issued by the Secretariat on the draft national plan..
    • Submit National Energy and Climate Plans
      North Macedonia shall submit the final plan to the Secretariat by October 2020.