Environment

State of compliance


 

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Directive

    Environmental Impact Assessment / Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive

    Montenegro has transposed the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Directives into national law.

    The competent authority for environmental impact assessments depends on the nature of the project planned to be undertaken: it can either be the Environmental Protection Agency or the local authorities. During the reporting period, the Environmental Protection Agency was integrated into the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism; therefore, the Ministry now acts as the competent authority.

    During the reporting period, several positive decisions on EIAs were issued for different projects mostly related to transmission line dislocation and reconstruction as well as the construction of a small hydro power plant.

    With regard to strategic environmental assessments, one public consultation was held regarding a transmission corridor.

    There is still room for improvement at local level regarding the implementation of the provisions on EIA, especially with respect to public consultations.

    The adoption of the amendments to the Law on Environmental Impact Assessment and related secondary legislation transposing the provisions of Directive 2014/52/EU was postponed to 2018. Furthermore, amendments to the Law on Strategic Environmental Assessment are also in progress.

  • Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    Montenegro has transposed the requirements of the Sulphur in Fuels Directive into its national law, including the provisions on marine fuels.

    The implementation of the provisions on sampling and analysis is ensured by the Annual Fuel Quality Monitoring Programme. In terms of marine fuels, the Contracting Party faces certain practical challenges due to logistical issues. Samples have to be transferred to the only accredited laboratory in Podgorica, while there is an obligation not to withhold ships in the ports.

  • Large Combustion Plants Directive

    Large Combustion Plants / Industrial Emissions Directive

    The Decree on the Emission Limit Values of the Pollutants into the Air from Stationary Sources transposes the thresholds prescribed by the Industrial Emissions Directive for new plants. The current legislation, however, lacks detailed and clear provisions regarding the validation of the emissions, establishment of the inventory of emissions and overall reporting requirements.

    Montenegro is in the process of adopting a new Law on Industrial Emissions that would address the above shortcomings. The public consultation stage has finished and it is expected that the whole procedure will be finished by the end of the year.

    The only large combustion plant in the country, the lignite-fired TPP Pljevlja, has started its opt-out on 1 January 2018, when the monitoring of the operational hours of the plant started. Being subject to the opt-out regime means that the plant would be able to remain in operation for a maximum of 20,000 hours between 1 January 2018 and 31 December 2023.

  • Wild Birds Directive

    Wild Birds Directive

    The new Law on Nature Protection transposes the relevant provisions of the Wild Birds Directive, with the effective measures determined based on the results of the monitoring of wild birds, the rules of which  are however still to be prescribed by the Ministry.

    Montenegro structured the institutional framework for designating future Natura 2000 sites, including Special Protection Areas (SPAs), but administrative capacities for the future management of classified areas still needs to be strengthened.

    Furthermore, it is important to integrate the consideration of nature protection measures in environmental impact assessments, especially when considering possible hydropower investment developments.

    The Government still has not protected Ulcinj Salina as a Nature Park and the salt production and the ecological viability of the area are not restored, even though it is one of the most important wetlands on the Mediterranean as well as a potential SPA for wild birds.