Environment

State of compliance


 

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Directive

    Environmental Impact Assessment / Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive

    Montenegro has transposed the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Directives into national law. The new provisions introduced by Directive 2014/52/EU were transposed by an amendment to the Law on Environmental Impact Assessment in November 2018.

    The competent authority for environmental impact assessments depends on the nature of the project planned to be undertaken: it can either be the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism  or the local authorities (for smaller scale projects).

    During the past year, fourteen environmental impact assessments were completed for different projects: seven for energy infrastructure, three for surface storage of natural gas, three for hydro power plants and one for a wind park.

    Administrative capacities as well as financial resources allocated to the implementation of the Directives need to be further strengthened.

  • Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    Montenegro has transposed the requirements of the Sulphur in Fuels Directive into its national law, including the provisions on marine fuels.

    The implementation of the provisions on sampling and analysis is ensured by the Annual Fuel Quality Monitoring Programme. In terms of marine fuels, the Contracting Party carried out a joint project with the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) with the aim to improve the on-board sampling and analysis process.

  • Large Combustion Plants Directive

    Large Combustion Plants / Industrial Emissions Directive

    The Decree on the Emission Limit Values of the Pollutants into the Air from Stationary Sources transposes the thresholds prescribed by the Industrial Emissions Directive for new plants. The current legislation, however, lacks detailed and clear provisions regarding the validation of the emissions, establishment of the inventory of emissions and overall reporting requirements.

    Amendments to the Law on Integrated Prevention and Control were adopted in July 2018, with the aim of transposing certain provisions of the Industrial Emissions Directive. The only large combustion plant in the country, the lignite-fired TPP Pljevlja, has started its opt-out on 1 January 2018, when the monitoring of the operational hours of the plant started. Montenegro fulfilled its reporting obligations in April 2019, according to which the plant was in operation 7.081 hours in 2018. Given the fact that the opt-out regime means that the plant will be able to remain in operation for a maximum of 20,000 hours between 1 January 2018 and 31 December 2023, it can be calculated from the available data that the plant will reach its opt-out limit in the summer of 2020.

  • Wild Birds Directive

    Wild Birds Directive

    The new Law on Nature Protection transposes the relevant provisions of the Wild Birds Directive, with the effective measures determined based on the results of the monitoring of wild birds, the rules of which are however still to be prescribed by the Ministry.

    Montenegro structured the institutional framework for designating future Natura 2000 sites, including Special Protection Areas (SPAs), but administrative capacities for the future management of classified areas still needs to be strengthened.

    Furthermore, it is important to integrate the consideration of nature protection measures in environmental impact assessments, especially when considering possible hydropower investment developments.

    In June 2019, the Ulcinj Salina was designated as a Nature Park and was submitted to the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention for designation as a wetland of international importance. The application is currently under review.