Energy efficiency

State of compliance

Montenegro has achieved a relatively high level of transposition of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and the Energy Labelling Directive. However, the Contracting Party has transposed only certain articles of Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU, missing the deadline for full transposition of the Directive 2012/27/EU (15 October 2017). Efforts must continue to update legislation and achieve effective implementation in practice.

  • Energy Efficiency Directive

    Energy Efficiency Directive

    The Law on Efficient Use of Energy was adopted in December 2014 (compliant with Directives 2006/32/EC, 2010/30/EU and 2010/31/EU and partly with Directive 2012/27/EU), followed by the adoption of a comprehensive package of secondary legislation. The by-laws deal with the promotion of the leading role of the public sector in energy efficiency, development of programmes and plans for municipalities and big energy consumers, energy efficiency in public procurement, setting methodology for calculation of achieved energy savings, implementation of information systems, energy audits, etc.

    Montenegro is currently working to prepare amendments to the Law on Efficient Use of Energy in order to ensure full transposition of Directive 2012/27/EU. Supported by the Regional Energy Efficiency Programme, the Ministry of Economy analysed implementation of certain articles of the Directive, including implementation of Article 7 (Energy efficiency obligation schemes), Article 15 (Energy transformation, transmission and distribution) and Article 18 (Energy services). Regarding Article 14 (Promotion of efficiency in heating and cooling), the results of an EU IPA study on the potential for district heating and/or cooling and high efficient cogeneration were analyzed, resulting in an Action Plan for the promotion of district heating and/or cooling and high efficient cogeneration expected to be adopted by the end of 2018.

    However, Montenegro missed the deadline for full transposition of Directive 2012/27/EU (15 October 2017), as well as its reporting deadlines: 30 March 2017 for Article 4, 15 March 2017 for notification under Article 7 and 30 June 2018 for the 2nd Annual Report. The 2nd  Annual Report  under the Energy Efficiency Directive was submitted to the Secretariat in November 2018.

  • NEEAPs and targets

    NEEAPs and targets

    The 3rd EEAP, which also includes preliminary reporting and a roadmap to support implementation of Directive 2012/27/EU, was adopted by the Government on 30 June 2016. The exemplary role of the public sector is being promoted by both the 3rd EEAP and national legislation.

    While the 3rd EEAP was focuses on energy efficiency measures and reporting to achieve the 2018 energy savings target, the preliminary 2020 primary and final cap energy consumption target was reported in the 1st Annual Report under the Energy Efficiency Directive.  With amendments to the Law on Efficient Use of Energy, Montenegro will insert provisions to officially set the 2020 target and propose new instruments to achieve it.

    In order to implement Article 5 of Directive 2012/27/EU, a 1% annual reconstruction target for central government buildings was set by a 2016 Decree adopted by the Ministry of Economy, and reconstruction activities are being performed.

  • ESCO market development and financing

    ESCO market development and financing

    Montenegro has adopted an enabling legal framework (provisions in the Law on Efficient Use of Energy) and drafted model contracts for energy performance contracting in public buildings, water supply systems and public lighting. The 3rd National Energy Efficiency Action Plan of 2016 envisages additional promotion of ESCO participation in public sector energy efficiency projects, with implementation of pilot projects, completion of an enabling legal framework and supporting financial mechanisms.

    However, the energy services market of Montenegro is still in the process of development. Draft amendments to the Public Private Partnership Law, which are the key missing legislative requirements for ESCO investments in the public sector, are in the process of preparation since 2015 and it is expected that they will finally be adopted in 2018. 

  • Energy efficiency in buildings

    Energy efficiency in buildings

    The requirements of Directive 2010/31/EU are transposed by the Law on Efficient Use of Energy and through a set of rulebooks adopted in December 2015. The rulebooks deal with setting minimal energy performance requirements in buildings, certification, regular inspection of heating and air-conditioning systems and energy audits of buildings. The issuance of energy performance certificates is obligatory form January 2016.

    However, certain requirements of the Directive (i.e. cost-optimal calculations, nearly zero-energy building targets and strategies) have still not been implemented in practice. Therefore, Montenegro is not fully compliant with Directive 2010/31/EU. The process of establishing the comprehensive buildings inventory, calculation software and analysis of cost-optimality of current performance requirements is ongoing, supported by international technical assistance.

    As mentioned above, the Ministry of Economy adopted in 2016 a Decree on the Reconstruction of State Administration Buildings, which sets a 1% annual reconstruction target for central government buildings, and prioritizes buildings with lowest energy performance. A three-year plan for the reconstruction of central government administrative buildings (2017-2019) was adopted by the Government. The plan includes an inventory of buildings and defines the measures to achieve the 1% annual target.

    During this reporting period, Montenegro continued implementing several successful building rehabilitation programmes. However, Montenegro is missing a comprehensive building renovation strategy, especially for the residential sector. Missing the deadline foreseen by the Energy Efficiency Directive (30 March 2017), Montenegro still needs to develop the long-term strategy for mobilising investment in the renovation of the national stock of residential and commercial buildings, both public and private.

  • Energy efficient products - labelling

    Energy efficient products - labelling

    The Law on Efficient Use of Energy of 2014 transposed requirements of Labelling Directive 2010/30/EU. Rulebooks on obligatory labelling of household washing machines and air-conditioners (November 2015), on energy labelling of household refrigerating appliances, televisions, dishwashers, and electrical lamps and luminaries (November 2016) and on energy labelling of tyres (December 2017) have been adopted. During 2017, Montenegro also developed sixteen eco-design rulebooks − setting up minimum energy performance requirements for household appliances and also some industrial products such as electric motors, water pumps, ventilators, etc.

    Since 2016, the Administration for Inspection Affairs has been responsible for market surveillance in the area of energy labelling and eco-design. A process of permanent capacity building of market inspectors is ongoing in order to cover the full range of energy-related products.

    Montenegro still needs to adopt the remaining six rulebooks in order to achieve full compliance with the Energy Community acquis.