Climate

State of compliance

The legal basis for tackling climate change and the collection of data on greenhouse gas emissions is the Law on Air Protection. The Law on Environment also contains provisions related to climate change. A draft Law on Climate Protection has been prepared and its adoption is expected by the end of 2018. This Law will ensure harmonization of national legislation with the acquis on climate and regulate the functioning of the National Monitoring System for Reporting as well as emission trading.
 

 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Reviewing the national greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems with a view to align with the Regulation (EU) 525/2013

    • Develop a National Inventory System for greenhouse gas emission
      To date, an inventory system with concrete reporting obligations does not exist. So far the system is based on an informal, voluntary approach, as the government does not have the legal instruments to force operators refusing to share information.
      A Rulebook on the Method of Production and the Content of the List of Greenhouse Gas Emissions, which partially transposes the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation provisions on the establishment of a formal national inventory system, has been adopted by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism in 2014. The annual data collection plan for the preparation of an inventory of greenhouse gas emissions was adopted in 2018.
    • Low Carbon-development Strategies Adopt Low-Carbon Development Strategies
      The country has a National Strategy on Climate Change until 2030, however, the financial component is under discussion. Low-carbon strategies are referred to in Article 32 of the Law on Environment and preparatory work on their implementation, which has been prioritized under the IPA II project (2016-2020), is to start at the end of 2018. For the time being, this provision is still not compliant with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation.
    • Introduce legislation defining national systems for Policies, Measures and Projections
      Currently there is no legislation providing for emission projections. This is not compliant with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation.
  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) as part of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC

    • Technical Working Group (TWG)
      Following the adoption of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC and the Policy Guidelines 03/2018-ECS on the development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), an Energy and Climate Technical Working Group composed of technical experts designated by the Contracting Parties was established at regional level in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee.
      Montenegro has not officially set up a national working group to work on the NECPs yet. Following the Secretariat’s request, the country is expected to finalize the formation of the national working group by 7 September 2018. 
      At present, the country’s National Council for Sustainable Development and Climate Change coordinates the implementation of climate change policy. A special working group for climate change was set up within the National Council as its permanent working body. This body serves as the main vehicle for coordinating the economy-wide and social consensus for implementation of the NDC, and subsequent progressive commitments on the way to low emission and climate resilient development.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a reference scenario
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a policy scenario
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Develop templates for national plans
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Organize regional consultations and peer review
      Preliminary regional consultations have been launched in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee and its Technical Working Group, to which Montenegro participated.
      After the submission of the draft national plans, a consultation with the other Contracting Parties and EU Member States shall be organised. The consultation will result in an opinion issued by the Secretariat on the draft national plan.
    • Submit National Energy and Climate Plans
      Montenegro shall submit the final plan to the Secretariat by October 2020.