Climate

State of compliance

The legal basis for tackling climate change and the collection of data on greenhouse gas emissions is the Law on Air Protection. The Law on Environment also contains provisions related to climate change. A draft Law on Climate Protection was prepared and submitted for revision to the European Commission on 25 April 2019; comments were received and a final version A draft Law on Climate Protection was prepared and submitted for revision to the European Commission on 25 April 2019. Comments were received and incorporated, the final version being adopted by the Government of Montenegro on 17 October 2019. The law will ensure harmonization of national legislation with the acquis on climate and incorporate elements of the EU ETS, the Effort Sharing Regulation and the monitoring and reporting mechanism (MMR).

 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Reviewing the national greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems with a view to align with the Regulation (EU) 525/2013

    • Develop a National Inventory System for greenhouse gas emission
      A Rulebook on the Method of Production and the Content of the List of Greenhouse Gas Emissions, which partially transposes the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation provisions on the establishment of a formal national inventory system, was adopted by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism in 2017. The Annual Data Collection Plan for the preparation of an inventory of greenhouse gas emissions was adopted in 2018.
      Reporting obligations and institutional roles were well defined in the Second Biennial Update Report (April 2019). The Ministry for Sustainable Development and Tourism and the Directorate for Climate Change act as national focal points for the GHG inventory. The Environmental Protection Agency has the official authorization and resources to manage the GHG inventory and acts as the inventory agency. There is also a cooperation agreement between the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Statistical Office (MONSTAT) which supports the inventory compilation process. Data for the GHG inventory is collected annually in reporting formats standardized by the Annual Data Collection Plan.
    • Low Carbon-development Strategies Adopt Low-Carbon Development Strategies
      The country has a National Strategy on Climate Change until 2030 in place. However, it has to intensify its work to ensure consistency with the EU 2030 climate and energy policy framework and to ensure that its strategy is integrated into all relevant sectoral policies and strategies; work on implementation is also prioritized under the IPA II project (2016 - 2020).
      Also, Articles 31 and 32 of the Law on Environment (Official Gazette of Montenegro, 52/16) envisage the preparation of a Strategy for Development of Low Carbon Emissions and a National Adaptation plan. Duplication of efforts among climate, energy and low-carbon strategies should be avoided and harmonization improved. For the time being, this provision is still not compliant with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation.
    • Introduce legislation defining national systems for Policies, Measures and Projections
      Currently, there is no legislation providing for emission projections. This is not compliant with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation. However, the Second Biennial Update Report, Annex I, does list specific mitigation measures.
  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) as part of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC

    • Technical Working Group (TWG)
      Following the adoption of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC and the Policy Guidelines 03/2018-ECS on the development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), an Energy and Climate Technical Working Group composed of technical experts designated by the Contracting Parties was established at regional level in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee.
      Montenegro has also officially set up a national working group to work on the NECPs that convened for the first time in November 2018 and met several time during the course of 2019 to discuss key priorities and responsibilities. A first deliverable in preparation for the elaboration of the Montenegrin integrated National Energy and Climate Plan was the elaboration of an Actor and Policy Mapping, assessing and analysing the current policy and institutional and stakeholder landscape.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a reference scenario
      The preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects – supported by a team of modelers - is expected to start in October 2019.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a policy scenario
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects – supported by a team of modelers -  is expected to start in October 2019.
    • Develop templates for national plans
      The template of the NECP was discussed and clarified on several occasions. The plan will now be elaborated following the structure and parameters indicated in Annex I of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999.
    • Organize regional consultations and peer review
      Preliminary regional consultations have been launched in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee and its Technical Working Group, to which Montenegro participated.
      After the submission of the draft national plans, a consultation with other Contracting Parties and EU Member States shall be organised. The consultation will result in an opinion issued by the Secretariat on the draft national plan.
    • Submit National Energy and Climate Plans
      Montenegro shall submit the final plan to the Secretariat by October 2020.