Renewable energy

Implementation indicators

  • National Renewable Energy Action Plan

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan

    Moldova submitted its NREAP and all three Progress Reports on implementation of the Renewables Directive to the Secretariat. The country exceeded its overall 2020 target of 17%, reaching 27,46% in 2018..

  • Quality of the support schemes

    Quality of the support schemes

    The Renewables Law as of 2018 sets up the legal framework on support schemes for renewable energy projects. Administratively set feed-in tariffs (FiT) for small producers are implemented, while auctioning is still under discussion.

  • Integration to the grids

    Integration to the grids

    The Renewables Law prescribes non-discriminatory grid connection for renewable energy producers, priority dispatch and an obligation for the central electricity supplier (Energocom) to purchase the electricity and cover imbalances for eligible producers. In August 2020, the energy regulatory agency adopted electricity market rules, which implement these provisions.

  • Administrative procedures

    Administrative procedures

    There is no appointed single administrative body. However, the Energy Efficiency Agency acts as an informational one-stop shop, providing all assistance to potential investors in the fields of renewable energy and energy efficiency. An electronic system for issuing, transfer and cancellation of guarantees of origin is not in place.

  • Renewable energy in transport

    Renewable energy in transport

    Provisions related to the sustainability of biofuels are still not transposed and the legal framework remains completely non-compliant with Directive 2009/28/EC. The share of renewables in transport is only 0,27% compared to the objective of 10% in 2020.

State of compliance

The development of renewable energy is stagnating and there has been almost no progress compared to the last reporting period. The country overreached its 17% target for the share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption by 2020 due to revision of biomass data and increasing the use of biomass in the heating sector. However, additional efforts are needed to increase the share of renewable energy in the electricity and
transport sectors.

Moldova enabled a net-metering scheme for self-consumption through the Renewables Law resulting in 127 solar PV applications with 1,49 MW of installed power. At the moment, with the support of the EU4Energy Governance project and the Secretariat, the scheme is being revised to address provisions of the new Renewable Energy Directive 2018/2001/EU and attract even more users.

As a designated body, the energy regulatory authority adopted a secondary act on enabling guarantees of origin back in 2017. However, a system of issue, transfer and cancelation of guarantees of origin compatible with the standardized European Energy Certificate System has not been implemented.

Sustainability criteria for biofuels and bioliquids are under development and will include provisions on the establishment of a verification body.

Moldova should prioritize the adoption of secondary legislation needed to enable a market-based support scheme. This should be done in a manner allowing for transparency and avoiding further foreclosure of the electricity market. The country should also focus on transposition of provisions related to the sustainability of biofuels and implement an electronic system for guarantees of origin while continuing with the further implementation of existing legislation and promoting the use of renewable energy.