Renewable energy

State of compliance

  • National Renewable Energy Action Plan

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) and progress towards 17% RES target in 2020

    The most recent statistical data revealed that Moldova has registered a 27,8% share of energy from renewable sources in 2017. This achievement is mostly due to the revision of biomass data and switching from gas to biomass heating. In July 2018, the Government revised the renewable energy technology objectives to 2020. The revision was primarily needed to reflect the latest evolution of the cost of renewable energy technologies and the potential of renewable resources in the country.

  • Quality of the support schemes

    Quality of the support schemes

    Following the adoption of the Law on Promotion of Energy from Renewable Sources in 2016, Moldova is the second Contracting Party that envisages the introduction of market-based support schemes to comply with the Guidelines on State Aid for Environmental Protection and Energy 2014 - 2020. While several steps towards the implementation of the new promotion scheme were taken in the last period, the new auction rules and the contractual framework remain to still be adopted.

    Energocom, as the counterparty for each renewable energy producer is appointed by the decision of the Government in November 2017 as a central electricity supplier only until 2021. Nevertheless, its administrative and technical capacity to deal with the new role remains questionable. A ring-fencing of activities related to electricity supply on the wholesale market and the tasks related to renewable energy needs to be enforced and monitored by the regulator. The renewable energy operator, as the counterparty of the renewable energy producers in the contract for granting support, remains to be appointed based on a competitive procedure, as required by the Law. This is utmost needed to create stability and predictability, while ensuring investor confidence and enabling bankable renewable energy projects.

    Cooperation mechanisms

    Possibilities for entering into cooperation mechanisms on renewable energy are transposed via the 2016 Law. Moldova could take advantage of cooperation projects on renewable energy should the trajectory to the binding targets in 2020 remain on an exceeding path.

  • Integration to the grids

    Integration to the grids

    The 2016 Law on Promotion of Energy from Renewable Sources transposes correctly the requirements for non-discriminatory access to the grid, priority dispatch of electricity generated from renewable energy, guaranteed purchase for eligible producers (selected through auctioning) and minimisation of curtailment. It is envisaged that the renewable energy operator will take balancing responsibility for the entire portfolio of renewable energy projects under the support scheme.

    Methodologies for determining the costs of connection to the transmission and distribution grids for new renewable energy producers have not been issued yet. The current practice of the network operator to provide information only on a case-by-case basis is not compliant. The transmission system operator, Moldelectrica, has issued additional technical specifications for renewable energy developers that require connection to the transmission grids.

    Connection agreements to transmission networks issued by Moldelectrica need to be revised in case the renewable energy projects are not built within a defined deadline. The regulator, as the authority in charge of overseeing access to the grids, should take decisions to free-up the locked-in capacity.

    Self-consumption of electricity from renewable energy sources is acknowledged by the legislation but not implemented yet.

  • Administrative procedures

    Administrative procedures

    The legislation provides for a transparent, simplified and non-discriminatory framework taking into account particularities of individual renewable energy technologies. However, the framework is implemented only to a certain extent.  In particular, full implementation remains to be achieved with respect to the authorization and permitting procedures.


    Guarantees of origin

    With the amendments to the 2016 Renewable Energy Law adopted by the Parliament, the central electricity supplier is appointed as the issuing body for guarantees of origin. The requirement to set up and maintain an accurate, reliable and fraud-resistant registry for the issue, transfer and cancellation of guarantees of origin remains to be implemented by the institution.


    Renewable energy in heating and cooling

    The Law on Promotion of Energy from Renewable Sources transposed the requirement to include renewable energy technologies when planning, constructing and renovating buildings or industrial sites. The Law also requires the introduction of support measures for heating and cooling from renewable sources. The collective adoption of the Law on Heat and Promotion of Cogeneration, the Law on Energy Performance in Buildings and the Law on Promotion of Energy from Renewable Sources enables Moldova to gradually catch up with its compliance obligations stemming from the Energy Community Treaty. Moldova has to ensure compliance with these requirements further in terms of implementation.

  • Renewable energy in transport

    Renewable energy in transport

    The responsibilities to develop a regulation on sustainability criteria have been transferred from the Ministry of Environmental Protection (as defined by the 2016 Renewables Law) to the Ministry of Economy and Infrastructure when the Law was amended in March 2018.

    The compliance status remains the same as in previous reports, i.e. Articles 17 to 21 of Directive 2009/28/EC have not been transposed at all. This means that any consumption of biofuels, even the small quantities that have been registered in official statistics, cannot be counted towards the target due to the missing system for verification of sustainability, as required by Directive 2009/28/EC.

    The Energy Efficiency Agency has been appointed as the certification body, including for voluntary certification schemes. The Agency is to take up the new responsibilities once the relevant secondary legislation is in force, which is still not the case.

    The country has received technical assistance to help develop secondary acts under the EU STARS project. A methodology for calculating the impact of biofuel on the emission of greenhouse gases and a Regulation for the calculation of final consumption of energy from renewable sources in transport were prepared.

    The present renewables share in the transport sector of 0,03%, far from the trajectory planned by the NREAP, is not allowed to be calculated towards the targets without a sustainability verification system in place.