Environment

Implementation indicators

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Directive

    Environmental Impact Assessment / Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive

    The amendments to Directive 2014/52/EU still need to be transposed. Improvements of the quality as well as the control of environmental reports are needed. Effective measures for the public concerned to participate in decision-making needs to be ensured both at project and plan/programme level.

  • Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    The State Environmental Inspectorate is in charge of implementing the transposing legislation. No information is provided on sampling and analysis of fuels and the testing methods used.

  • Large Combustion Plants Directive

    Large Combustion Plants / Industrial Emissions Directive

    The Large Combustion Plants and Industrial Emissions Directives have not been transposed. Moldova does not apply a NERP nor an opt-out mechanism. Existing combustion plants meet the emission limit values of the Large Combustion Plants Directive.

  • Nature protection

    Nature protection

    The designation of special protected areas for wild birds is at an early stage and measures for the protection of wild birds have also not been established yet.

State of compliance

Work on the preparation of legislation to transpose the amendments of Directive 2014/52/EU have started. The competent authority for both types of environmental assessments is the Environmental Agency and the register of environmental impact assessments and strategic environmental assessments on its website is functional.

Development consents and other administrative decisions related to the processes are systematically published. Efforts should be focused on further capacity building of the implementing authorities, with particular regard to the Environmental Agency, and improving the level of quality control of environmental reports. During the last reporting period, the approval of the environmental report of a Project of Energy Community Interest (Romania-Moldova 400 kV interconnection line) was done, while another (Vulcănești wind power plant) is in progress. With regard to strategic environmental assessment, a review of the transposing national legislation was carried out during the last reporting period. Based on its findings, amendments are being prepared.

As regards legislation on the sulphur content of liquid fuels, the Government Decision on the Reduction of the Sulphur Content of Certain Liquid Fuels transposes the provisions of the Directive into national law. The sulphur limits for heavy fuel oil and gas oil are compliant with those required by the Directive. The State Environmental Inspectorate is the competent authority for overseeing implementation of the decision and – in cooperation with the Government and border police – performing checks to verify compliance of the fuels covered by its scope. While the standards for sampling and analysis stipulated in the decision are equivalent to those in the Directive, no information is provided on the frequency, methodology and the systematic nature of quality control of heavy fuel oil and gas oil. The provisions on marine fuels do not apply to this Contracting Party.

Moldova has still not transposed the requirements of the two Directives regulating the emissions of large combustion plants into national law. To address this failure, the Secretariat initiated infringement proceedings against Moldova in September 2018 and submitted a Reasoned Request to the Ministerial Council in September 2020. At the same time, based on the technical characteristics of Moldova’s two plants falling under the scope of the Large Combustion Plants Directive (with a total of eight units), the emission limit values of the Directive are complied with on an individual basis. Moldova complied with its reporting obligations under the Large Combustion Plants Directive for the
2019 reporting year.

As regards the protection of wild birds, Moldova currently has three sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar sites). Furthermore, 61 sites are officially adopted as Emerald sites under the Bern Convention, with nine new sites being included in December 2019. Ensuring the proper functioning of the Emerald Network by introducing and implementing measures against prohibited means and methods of killing, capture and other forms of exploitation of protected species (by e.g. closed seasons or temporary or local prohibition of exploitation) would be beneficial for the future Natura 2000 classification process. The draft law amending and supplementing the Law on Wildlife, which is to transpose Article 4(2) of the Wild Birds Directive, is still not adopted.