Energy efficiency

State of compliance

In July 2018, Moldova adopted the Energy Efficiency Law in compliance with Energy Efficiency Directive EU/2012/27, completing the transposition of all the primary legislation required under the energy efficiency acquis. The implementation is in progress, with most of the implementing regulations of the Energy Efficiency Law in a drafting phase. Despite the progress, Moldova has not fully implemented the Energy Efficiency Directive to date.

Efforts must continue to achieve effective implementation in practice.

  • Energy Efficiency Directive

    Energy Efficiency Directive

    Following the Law on Energy Efficiency, a new institution responsible for the implementation of energy efficiency policy was established by absorbing the Energy Efficiency Fund into the existing Energy Efficiency Agency. Moldova, supported by EU technical assistance,  prepared the following documents to implement the Energy Efficiency Law Progress to date includes:

    • A national programme for central public buildings rehabilitation drafted;
    • A methodology on the calculation of contributions of obligated parties, including the elaboration of the national programme on energy efficiency obligation scheme implementation drafted A long-term sectoral strategy for the renovation of buildings, a regulation on the authorisation of energy auditors, and a regulation on conducting energy audits by large companies are under preparation.
  • NEEAPs and targets

    NEEAPs and targets

    In June 2019, Moldova finalised the Energy Efficiency Action Plan for 2019-2021, in line with the requirements of the Energy Efficiency Directive, and it is currently in public consultation process. 

    The Plan sets the overall 2021 energy efficiency target and sectoral targets for buildings (public and residential), industry, energy production and transport.

    Moldova also set targets for overall 2020 consumption as required by Article 3 of the Energy Efficiency Directive, central government building renovation savings and the energy efficiency obligation scheme by 2020. In addition, in October 2019, Moldova submitted the 3rd Annual Report in line with the requirement of the Directive, and which indicates the progress towards meeting the 2020 energy efficiency target.

  • ESCO market development and financing

    ESCO market development and financing

    With the support of the UNDP-GEF project “ESCO-Moldova”, the Contracting Party prepared Guidelines on implementation of energy performance contracts including standard documentation for energy service procurement.  The Regulation on supply of energy services was revised by the Ministry of Economy and Infrastructure and is in public consultation. An energy performance contract template and guidelines for its implementation are being prepared by the Agency for Energy Efficiency.

    There are very few projects implemented with ESCO financing to date.

  • Energy efficiency in buildings

    Energy efficiency in buildings

    The requirements of Directive 2010/31/EU are partially transposed by the Law on Efficient Use of Energy and further through a set of rulebooks adopted in December 2015. The rulebooks deal with setting minimal energy performance requirements for buildings, certification, regular inspection of heating and air-conditioning systems and energy audits of buildings. The issuance of energy performance certificates is obligatory from January 2016.

    The Law on Energy Performance of Buildings of 2014 is not fully compliant with Directive 2010/31/EU. In particular, energy performance certification does not apply to multi-apartment buildings that were commissioned before the Law came into force, even if they are sold or rented.

    In 2017 - 2018, Moldova prepared a legal gap analysis with regards to the implementation of the Energy Performance in Buildings Directive.

    The progress registered in closing the legal gap, included the preparation of an updated national methodology for minimum energy performance of buildings and the calculation tool that produces also the building performance certificate. To date, only a few energy performance certificates have been issued.

    Moldova has not yet fully implemented the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive.

  • Energy efficient products - labelling

    Energy efficient products - labelling

    To date, Moldova has transposed Directive 2010/30/EU in 2014 together with eleven out of the twelve  labelling delegated regulations, namely on household tumble driers, air conditioners, domestic ovens and range hoods, electrical lamps and luminaries and household washing machines, household dishwashers, household refrigerating appliances and televisions,  water heaters, space heaters, and vacuum cleaners. The only remaining one is the regulation on household combined washer-dryers.  Therefore, Moldova is very advanced in the implementation of the labelling acquis due before 2016.  The work on the acquis adopted in 2018 by the Ministerial Council (Decision 2018/03/MC-EnC) due to be transposed by 1 January 2020 remains to be fulfilled.

  • Institutional capacities

    Institutional capacities

    The key state body responsible for the implementation of national energy efficiency policy in Moldova is the Directorate for Energy of the Ministry of Economy and Infrastructure.

    Moldova absorbed the Energy Efficiency Fund in the Energy Efficiency Agency through the Law on Energy Efficiency and the Government decision on its implementation. The new institution needs substantial on-the-job support and training  in order to be able to fulfil the roles attributed by the Energy Efficiency Law.