Energy efficiency

State of compliance

The most relevant progress made during this reporting period was the adoption of the Energy Efficiency Law in compliance with Energy Efficiency Directive EU/2012/27 (EED). Moldova has now transposed all the primary legislation required under the energy efficiency acquis. However, its implementation remains fragmented and incomplete. Efforts must continue to achieve effective implementation in practice.

 

  • Energy Efficiency Directive

    Energy Efficiency Directive

    The new Law on Energy Efficiency has introduced a new institution responsible for the implementation of energy efficiency policy by absorbing the Energy Efficiency Fund into the existing Energy Efficiency Agency. Moldova, supported by EU technical assistance, is preparing the following documents to implement the Energy Efficiency Law:

    • A detailed roadmap for EED implementation;
    • A national programme for central public buildings rehabilitation (Article 5 of the EED);
    • Methodology on calculation of contributions of obligated parties, including the elaboration of the national programme on energy efficiency obligation scheme implementation (Article 7 of the EED); and,
    • A regulation on the organization and functioning of the authority responsible for implementing energy efficiency policies.
  • NEEAPs and targets

    NEEAPs and targets

    Moldova’s Energy Efficiency Action Plan for 2016-2018 was published in the Official Gazette in March 2017, following a prior approval of the Government. The Plan set the overall 2018 energy efficiency target and sectoral targets for buildings, industry and transport.

    Moldova also set targets for overall 2020 consumption required by Article 3 of the EED, central government building renovation savings and the energy efficiency obligation scheme by 2020.

  • ESCO market development and financing

    ESCO market development and financing

    With the support of the UNDP-GEF project “ESCO-Moldova”, the Contracting Party prepared Guidelines on implementation of energy performance contracts including standard documentation for energy service procurement. At the same time, clarifications regarding the treatment of ESCO contracts in public debt, when the ownership of equipment shall be transferred from investor to the local authority, when VAT and other taxes shall be paid, etc., that are currently barriers to implementation are being prepared; these will indicate the most adequate way for energy performance contract implementation in public and residential sector.

    There are very few projects implemented with ESCO financing to date.

  • Energy efficiency in buildings

    Energy efficiency in buildings

    The requirements of Directive 2010/31/EU are partially transposed by the Law on Efficient Use of Energy and further through a set of rulebooks adopted in December 2015. The rulebooks deal with setting minimal energy performance requirements for buildings, certification, regular inspection of heating and air-conditioning systems and energy audits of buildings. The issuance of energy performance certificates is obligatory from January 2016.

    The Law on Energy Performance of Buildings of 2014 is not fully compliant with Directive 2010/31/EU. In particular, energy performance certification does not apply to multi-apartment buildings that were commissioned before the Law came into force, even if they are sold or rented.

    In 2017 - 2018, Moldova prepared a legal gap analysis with regards to the implementation of EPBD. The following legal acts or other documents need to be adopted for full compliance: the National Information System for energy performance certificates; inspection reports and registry for companies and experts; the Independent Control System; the national plan to increase the number of nearly zero-energy buildings; and registration and accreditation schemes for companies and energy evaluators and inspectors for heating and air conditioning systems. Moldova is currently working on the National Methodology for minimum energy performance of buildings and the calculation software.

    Therefore, Moldova has not yet fully implemented the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and has not issued a single energy performance certificate to date.

  • Energy efficient products - labelling

    Energy efficient products - labelling

    Moldova transposed Directive 2010/30/EU in 2014 together with five labelling regulations, namely on household tumble driers, air conditioners, domestic ovens and range hoods, electrical lamps and luminaries and household washing machines. In 2016, Moldova adopted energy labelling regulations on household dishwashers, household refrigerating appliances and televisions. Delegated regulations on the labelling of water heaters, space heaters and vacuum cleaners are yet to be adopted.  Moldova transposed eight out of the twelve delegated regulations, and has thus not yet transposed the labelling acquis fully.

    Moldova adopted in July 2018 the Government Decree (GD) to amend the GD no. 1003/ 2014 on approving the energy labelling requirements applicable to energy-related products, which transposes three delegated regulations on energy labelling for Vacuum cleaners; Water heaters, hot water storage tanks and packages of water heater; and Solar device and space heaters, combination heaters, packages of space heater, temperature control and solar device and packages of combination heater, temperature control and solar device.

    It also adopted in June 2018 the Government Decree on the regulation regarding tyre labelling.

  • Institutional capacities

    Institutional capacities

    The key state body responsible for the implementation of national energy efficiency policy in Moldova is the Directorate for Energy of the Ministry of Economy and Infrastructure.

    Moldova absorbed the Energy Efficiency Fund in the Energy Efficiency Agency through the Law on energy efficiency. The new institution needs to be organised and made functional through the adoption of a by-law specifying its responsibilities. Substantial on-the-job support and training were provided to the Energy Efficiency Fund under an EU technical assistance project.

    A Working Group was also established to bring together the relevant parties responsible for the implementation of the Energy Efficiency Law.