Renewable energy

State of compliance
 

 

 

  • National Renewable Energy Action Plan

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) and progress towards 25% RES target in 2020

    The second progress report on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources in 2014 - 2015 revealed that Kosovo* is not on track to reach its 2020 renewable energy target. This is due to the increasing final energy consumption and minimal investments in renewable energy projects. According to the requirements of the Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC and 15th Energy Community Ministerial Council conclusions, Kosovo* should have submitted a revised NREAP outlining adequate measures to put the country on the trajectory to 2020 by 30 June 2018. The revised NREAP has neither been adopted nor submitted to the Secretariat. 

  • Quality of the support schemes

    Quality of the support schemes

    2014, also for solar PV. Due to the recent solar PV cost reduction, the existing feed-in tariffs are overcompensating investors. In order to comply with Guidelines on State Aid for Environmental Protection and Energy 2014-2020, a market based approach for cost-effective promotion and integration of renewable energy into the market will have to be introduced.

    The delay in adopting revised rules for the promotion of renewable energy is also a consequence of policy makers’ concerns about the potential impact of renewable energy deployment on end-user electricity prices, which is unjustified considering the cost reduction of renewable energy technologies registered in the last years.


    Cooperation mechanisms

    An administrative instruction including provisions on cooperation mechanisms was adopted by the Government, thus increasing compliance with the acquis. The provisions related to implementation of external audits still need to be transposed.

  • Integration to the grids

    Integration to the grids

    The current framework provides for guaranteed transmission and distribution of generated electricity from renewable sources through the grid as well as priority dispatch. The rules on connection and access to the transmission and distribution grids are adopted and published by the operators. The methodology for setting the cost of connections to the transmission grid was adopted by the regulator in 2018, but is not publicly available. Kosovo* relies on a generation fleet based on coal, which lacks flexibility. The full implementation of guaranteed and priority rights given to electricity from renewable sources during the operation of the system requires an adequate market design rewarding flexibility and enabling market coupling with the country’s neighbours.

    Rather than the lack of grid capacity, the absence of transparent and non-discriminatory rules on connection and access to the transmission and distribution grids remains the main barrier for renewable energy producers. The lack of generation flexibility prevents grid operators from being able to deal with intermittent electricity production. The requirement for notification of generation schedules has to become as close as possible to real-time, replacing the current requirement of 30 hours before the real-time.

    There are no rules on renewable energy self-consumption for distributed generation to encourage and enable customers to become prosumers.

  • Administrative procedures

    Administrative procedures

    In 2018, the Government adopted a regulation for the creation of a one-stop shop for renewable energy. An inter-institutional group was created, which is expected to streamline the administrative procedures related to permitting and licensing and remove several barriers for renewable energy developers. Transparency towards the applicants and non-discrimination among renewable energy producers have to be ensured properly. Compliance with the renewable energy acquis remains now to be tested in practice.


    Guarantees of origin

    The legal provisions for the issuance, transfer and cancellation of guarantees of origin, the template and the information required generally meet the requirements of Directive 2009/28/EC. However, the regulator has not implemented the new procedures in practice.  


    Renewable energy in heating and cooling

    To date, Kosovo* has not made any notable progress with respect to the implementation of rules for heating and cooling from renewable sources. There are currently no minimum levels for the use of renewable energy in buildings in the relevant regulations and codes. Legislation with regard to the use of renewable energy in buildings was drafted but its adoption is still pending. Compliance remains unsatisfactory.

  • Renewable energy in transport

    Renewable energy in transport

    In relation to biofuels, there is no certification scheme defined or relevant body established, thus Kosovo* is not compliant with Directive 2009/28/EC.

    The adoption of the Law on Trade in Petroleum Products and Renewable Fuels and the Administrative Instruction on Biofuels aimed at transposition of Articles 17 - 21 of the Directive is pending for more than three years. Finally, the Ministry of Trade and Industry finalised the draft Law and sent it to the Cabinet of Ministers in June 2018.

    Kosovo* intends to achieve the 10% target exclusively with liquid biofuels according to its NREAP. The country envisages relying fully on biofuel imports until the end of 2017, after which domestic production should contribute to fulfilling the 10% target. However, the actual share is still at 0%.