Renewable energy

State of compliance
 

 

 

  • National Renewable Energy Action Plan

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) and progress towards 25% RES target in 2020

    The third progress report on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources in 2016 - 2017 revealed that Kosovo* is on track to reach its 2020 renewable energy target but only due to the statistical revision of biomass used for energy purposes. Kosovo* reached a 22,9% share of renewable energy in 2017, in line with the indicative trajectory to 2020. 

    Kosovo* submitted the third progress report on the promotion of renewable energy 2016-2017 to the Secretariat in February 2019.

  • Quality of the support schemes

    Quality of the support schemes

    Support schemes based on feed-in tariffs exist for various renewable energy technologies like small HPPs, wind, biomass and biogas, and, since 2014, also for solar PV. As the existing feed-in tariffs are overcompensating investors following recent solar PV cost reduction, the regulator proposed a revision of the solar PV feed-in tariffs from 120 Euro/MWh to 90 Euro/MWh. In order to comply with Guidelines on State Aid for Environmental Protection and Energy 2014 - 2020, a market-based approach for cost-effective promotion and integration of renewable energy into the market will have to be introduced to let the market decide the price of the support required.

    The delay in adopting the revised rules for the promotion of renewable energy based on auctions is also a consequence of policy-makers’ concerns about the potential impact of renewable energy deployment on end-user electricity prices, which is unjustified considering the cost reduction of renewable energy technologies registered in the last years.
     

    Cooperation mechanisms

    An administrative instruction including provisions on cooperation mechanisms was adopted by the Government, thus increasing compliance with the acquis. The provisions related to implementation of external audits still need to be transposed.

  • Integration to the grids

    Integration to the grids

    The current framework provides for guaranteed transmission and distribution of generated electricity from renewable sources through the grid as well as priority dispatch. The rules on connection and access to the transmission and distribution grids are adopted and published by the operators. The methodology for setting the cost of connections to the transmission grid was adopted by the regulator in 2018, but is not publicly available. Kosovo* relies on a generation fleet based on coal, which lacks flexibility in the absence of a commonly coordinated operation of the electricity system with the neighbours. The full implementation of guaranteed and priority rights given to electricity from renewable sources during the operation of the system requires an adequate market design rewarding flexibility and enabling market coupling with the country’s neighbours.

    Rather than the lack of grid capacity, the absence of transparent and non-discriminatory rules on connection and access to the transmission and distribution grids remains the main barrier for renewable energy producers. The lack of generation flexibility prevents grid operators from being able to deal with intermittent electricity production. The requirement for notification of generation schedules has to become as close as possible to real-time, replacing the current requirement of 30 hours before the real-time.

    There are no rules on renewable energy self-consumption for distributed generation to encourage and enable customers to become prosumers.

  • Administrative procedures

    Administrative procedures

    The regulation for the creation of a one-stop shop for renewable energy adopted by the Government in 2018 was followed-up by the creation of an  inter-institutional group. The rules, which are yet to be adopted, are expected to streamline the administrative procedures related to permitting and licensing and remove several barriers for renewable energy developers. Transparency towards the applicants and non-discrimination among renewable energy producers have to be ensured properly. Compliance with the renewable energy acquis now remains to be tested in practice.

     

    Guarantees of origin

    The legal provisions for the issuance, transfer and cancellation of guarantees of origin, the template and the information required generally meet the requirements of Directive 2009/28/EC. However, the regulator has not implemented the new procedures in practice.  

     

    Renewable energy in heating and cooling

    Kosovo* has made certain progress with respect to the implementation of rules for heating and cooling from renewable sources. Following the adoption of the Law on the Energy Performance of Buildings in December 2016, a national calculation methodology and a regulation on the minimum requirements for the energy performance of buildings were adopted in December 2018. This introduced the obligation of analysing the technical, environmental and economic feasibility of incorporation of renewable technologies in new or retrofitted buildings. However, implementation of this obligation is pending the finalisation of the specialised national calculation software.

  • Renewable energy in transport

    Renewable energy in transport

    In relation to biofuels, there is no certification scheme defined or relevant body established, thus Kosovo* is not compliant with Directive 2009/28/EC.

    The Administrative Instruction on Biofuels aimed at transposition of Articles 17 - 21 of the Directive was drafted more than three years ago, but its adoption can be done only after the Law on Trade in Petroleum Products and Renewable Fuels is enforced. Unfortunately, the Law’s adoption is pending for more than four years. Finally, it was submitted to the Parliament at the end of 2018, but it is still not adopted.

    Kosovo* intends to achieve the 10% target exclusively with liquid biofuels according to its NREAP. The country envisages relying fully on biofuel imports until the end of 2017, after which domestic production should contribute to fulfilling the 10% target. However, the actual share is still at 0%, and a sustainability criteria verification system is not in place.