Energy efficiency

State of compliance

Kosovo* has achieved a high level of compliance with the energy efficiency acquis, following the adoption of the new Energy Efficiency Law and a set of by-laws to implement the Energy Performance of Buildings Law.

  • Energy Efficiency Directive

    Energy Efficiency Directive

    A new Energy Efficiency Law, developed with the support of the Energy Community Secretariat and an EU technical assistance project, was adopted by the Parliament in November 2018. The Law transposes the Energy Efficiency Directive and includes an extensive chapter on the establishment and operation of an independent energy efficiency revolving fund to finance priority energy efficiency projects. A set of internal documents necessary for the operation of the fund were adopted during 2019 and the elected board of directors appointed the managing director in August 2019.

    However, the full implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive will require the adoption of more than twenty pieces secondary legislation. Most by-laws have been drafted with the support of an EU technical assistance project. There is ongoing REEP Plus support to the Energy Efficiency Agency for the implementation of an energy efficiency obligation scheme and development of a building renovation strategy. 

  • NEEAPs and targets

    NEEAPs and targets

    The 2020 target is set in the Law on Energy Efficiency (Article 4) as a final energy cap consumption target amounting to 1556 ktoe. The Law also introduced an energy efficiency obligation with a 0,7 % target, as  well as an obligation to renovate annually 1% of central government buildings.

    A working group for the NEEAP 2019-2021 was appointed in October 2018 and is supported by an EU technical assistance project. The final draft was sent to the Secretariat in October 2019 and improved based on the comments received. It follows the NEEAP template suggested by the Secretariat and the Energy Efficiency Coordination Group, and includes horizontal measures for the transposition of Directive 2012/27/EU, reporting on the achievement of the 2018 target and measures to achieve the 2020 indicative energy efficiency target. However, the adoption of the NEEAP is still pending.  

    Kosovo* was the first country that submitted the 2nd Annual Report under the Energy Efficiency Directive on 26 June 2018, while the 3rd Annual Report was delivered on 02 October 2019. 

  • ESCO market development and financing

    ESCO market development and financing

    The new Law on Energy Efficiency explicitly defines the ESCO, energy performance and supply contracts and sets out the rules for these projects in line with the acquis. The draft NEEAP also includes measures for the development of an ESCO market.

    In May 2018, the REEP Plus programme prepared model energy performance and energy supply contracts (to be adopted as by-laws to the new Energy Efficiency Law), and identified a number of gaps in the functioning of the ESCO market in Kosovo*. The gaps were mostly addressed in the new Energy Efficiency Law, but also refer to organisational issues, namely a stronger role of the Energy Efficiency Agency, the need for more visibility and capacity building activities and certain amendments to the Budget System Law (to enable multi-annual budgeting) and the Public–Private Partnership Law (to provide more clarity for ESCO public–private partnership projects).

  • Energy efficiency in buildings

    Energy efficiency in buildings

    Following the adoption of the Law on the Energy Performance of Buildings in December 2016, the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning, supported by REEP Plus, finally adopted three technical regulations in December 2018:

    • A national methodology for calculation of energy performance,
    • A Regulation for minimum requirements for the energy performance of buildings and,
    • A Regulation and Guidelines on the procedures for energy performance certification of buildings.

    The draft Plan for increasing the number of nearly zero-energy buildings was finalised and submitted to Secretariat in October 2019, with the plan to be adopted by the end of 2019. The Energy Community Secretariat will continue to monitor the implementation of the regulations and remaining work on the development of a calculation software, database and registry for energy performance certificates and training of experts.

    The development of the building renovation strategy (as required by Article 4 of the Energy Efficiency Directive) was supported by REEP Plus and Secretariat and first draft prepared in August 2019. 

    Kosovo* is implementing an energy efficiency programme for the rehabilitation of public buildings, while a GEFF comprehensive investment programme for energy efficiency in the residential sector has been operational since April 2018.

  • Energy efficient products - labelling

    Energy efficient products - labelling

    The Administrative Instruction on the Labelling of Energy Related Products transposes Directive 2010/30/EU and the delegated regulations, as adopted by the Ministerial Council in 2010. However, Kosovo* has failed to implement the delegated regulations adopted by the Ministerial Council in October 2014 and November 2018. The new Energy Efficiency Law also provides the framework and the legal basis for the adoption of by-laws necessary for the transposition of delegated regulations, but their adoption is still pending.

    The European Commission and the Energy Community Secretariat suggested to Kosovo* to refer in the Law to both the 2010 framework labelling directive (Directive 2010/30/EU) and the 2017 framework labelling regulation (Regulation (EU) 2017/1369) to enable future adoption of new implementing regulations for specific products. However, this was not followed and Kosovo* will need to update the Law in order to include requirements of Regulation (EU) 2017/1369.

  • Institutional capacities

    Institutional capacities

    The Ministry of Economic Development is the leading state body for the development of energy efficiency policy, while the Kosovo Agency for Energy Efficiency (KEEA) is responsible for implementation, including monitoring of EEAP implementation and verifying the achievement of energy saving targets. The institutional framework was strengthened with the establishment of a new energy efficiency fund as an independent entity in January 2019. Its capacities are expected to increase (currently only the board and the managing director are appointed). Moreover, municipalities are responsible for the development and implementation of municipal energy efficiency plans and energy efficiency measures in public buildings.

    Nevertheless, human capacities remain weak, especially in KEEA as the main implementing body. This results in the lack of coordination capacities, slowing down the required progress and development of the energy efficiency market.