Climate

State of compliance

Efforts have been made to align Kosovo*’s legislation and policy framework to the EU climate acquis. Provisions on climate are included in the Law on Air Protection from Pollution. A separate Climate Change Law has been drafted with the support of the Energy Community Secretariat, however, its review by the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning is still pending.  A draft administrative instruction on the capture and storage of carbon dioxide in suitable geological formations has been drafted and its adoption is expected by the third quarter of 2018. Kosovo* has adopted two administrative instructions partially transposing Regulation (EU) 525/2013, namely the Administrative Instruction on a Mechanism for Monitoring Greenhouse Gas Emissions and the Administrative Instruction for Monitoring Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Reviewing the national greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems with a view to align with the Regulation (EU) 525/2013

    • Develop a National Inventory System for greenhouse gas emission
      The Administrative Instruction on a Mechanism for Monitoring Greenhouse Gas Emissions defines responsibilities and deadlines for providing data on greenhouse gas emissions. The Administrative Instruction for Monitoring Greenhouse Gas Emissions defines the governance and inter-institutional arrangements for providing data on greenhouse gas emissions.
      Kosovo* developed a greenhouse gas inventory covering the periods 2008-2009, 2008-2013 and 2012-2014. The new 2015 inventory, using the 2006 IPCC guidelines, has now also been finalized. 
      All institutions responsible for the transmission of GHG data were notified of their obligation to send GHG data to the Kosovo Environmental Protection Agency (KEPA), which collects and prepares data records by reference year.
      Although Kosovo* has dedicated legislation in place, the national inventory system is still not fully compliant with Regulation (EU) 525/2013.
    • Low Carbon-development Strategies Adopt Low-Carbon Development Strategies
      The Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning developed a new National Strategy (2017 – 2026) and an Action Plan (2017 – 2019) for Climate Change. The strategy consists of two main components: a Low Emission Development Strategy and a National Adaptation Strategy. The strategy is being revised and its adoption is expected by the third quarter of 2018.  The Action Plan (2017-2019) of the Climate Change Strategy was adopted in March 2018.  
    • Introduce legislation defining national systems for Policies, Measures and Projections
      Legislation defining national systems for policies, measures and projections has not been introduced yet. This does not comply with Regulation (EU) 525/2013.
       
  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) as part of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC

    • Technical Working Group (TWG)

      Following the adoption of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC and the Policy Guidelines 03/2018-ECS on the development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), an Energy and Climate Technical Working Group composed of technical experts designated by the Contracting Parties was established at regional level in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee.
      Kosovo* has not officially not set up a national working group to work on  the NECPs yet, however, an inter-ministerial working group (IMWG) for climate change is active and involves a large number of stakeholders and experts in order to develop strategic documents related to climate change1.
      The country is expected to finalize the formation of the national technical working group by 7 September 2018.  

    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a reference scenario
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a policy scenario
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Develop templates for national plans
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Organize regional consultations and peer review

      Preliminary regional consultations have been launched in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee and its Technical Working Group, to which Kosovo* participated.
      After the submission of the draft national plans, a consultation with the other Contracting Parties and EU Member States shall be organised. The consultation will result in an opinion issued by the Secretariat on the draft national plan.

    • Submit National Energy and Climate Plans
      Kosovo* shall submit the final plan to the Secretariat by October 2020.

    1The ministries involved within IMWG includes: the Ministry of Local Government, Ministry of Economic Development, Ministry of Infrastructure, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Development, Ministry of Health, Ministry of European Integration, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.