Climate

State of compliance

Efforts have been made to align Kosovo*’s legislation and policy framework to the EU climate acquis. Provisions on climate are included in the Law on Air Protection from Pollution. The Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning has finalized a Climate Change Concept Paper based on the Climate Change Law drafted last year with the support of the Energy Community Secretariat; this document is expected to be approved by the end of 2019. Adoption of the Climate Change Law is scheduled in the legislative plan of the Government for 2020.

The administrative instruction Nr. 14/2018 on capture and deposition of carbon dioxide in suitable geological formations was approved at the 79th meeting of the Government of Kosovo*. By Decision No.09 / 79 of 11 December 2018, Kosovo* also adopted two administrative instructions partially transposing Regulation (EU) 525/2013, namely the Administrative Instruction on a Mechanism for Monitoring Greenhouse Gas Emissions and the Administrative Instruction for Monitoring Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

A greenhouse gas inventory report for 2016 is developed and will be published by the end of 2019.
 

 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Reviewing the national greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems with a view to align with the Regulation (EU) 525/2013

    • Develop a National Inventory System for greenhouse gas emission
      The Administrative Instruction on a Mechanism for Monitoring Greenhouse Gas Emissions defines responsibilities and deadlines for providing data on greenhouse gas emissions. The Administrative Instruction for Monitoring Greenhouse Gas Emissions defines the governance and inter-institutional arrangements for providing data on greenhouse gas emissions.
      Kosovo* developed a greenhouse gas inventory covering the periods 2008 - 2009, 2008 - 2013 and 2012 - 2014. The 2015 inventory, using 2006 IPCC guidelines, was finalized.  Work on the compilation of the inventory for the year 2016 is also completed and the report will be published by the end of 2019.
      All institutions responsible for the transmission of GHG data were notified of their obligation to send GHG data to the Kosovo Environmental Protection Agency (KEPA), which collects and prepares data records by reference year.
      Although Kosovo* has dedicated legislation in place and work is progressing, the national inventory system is still not fully compliant with Regulation (EU) 525/2013.
    • Low Carbon-development Strategies Adopt Low-Carbon Development Strategies
      The 2019 - 2028 National Strategy and Action Plan on climate change has been approved by the Government and, if fully implemented, can provide a sound basis for tackling climate change. However, no substantial progress has been achieved so far in aligning legislation and there is little evidence of climate change being mainstreamed in government projects.   
    • Introduce legislation defining national systems for Policies, Measures and Projections
      Legislation defining national systems for policies, measures and projections has not been introduced yet. This does not comply with Regulation (EU) 525/2013.
  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) as part of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC

    • Technical Working Group (TWG)
      Following the adoption of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC and the Policy Guidelines 03/2018-ECS on the development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), an Energy and Climate Technical Working Group composed of technical experts designated by the Contracting Parties was established at regional level in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee.
      Kosovo* has also officially set up a national working group to work on the NECP. The working group has convened already seven times between 2018 and 2019 and it is divided in six thematic subgroup (security of supply, energy efficiency, renewables, GHG, energy market, research and innovation). Among the main issues discussed were the tasks and responsibilities, governance structure, NECP objectives and an analysis of the main requirements of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999, with a special focus on Chapter IV.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a reference scenario
      The analytical and technical aspects of the plans have not been addressed yet, although preparatory work within the national working group is ongoing. International donors will provide technical assistance on this aspect.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a policy scenario
      The analytical and technical aspects of the plan have not been addressed yet, although preparatory work within the national working group is ongoing. International donors will provide technical assistance on this aspect.
    • Develop templates for national plans
      The template of the NECP has been discussed and clarified on several occasions; the plans will be elaborated following the structure and parameters indicated in Annex I of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999.
    • Organize regional consultations and peer review
      Preliminary regional consultations have been launched in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee and its Technical Working Group, to which Kosovo* participated.
      After the submission of the draft national plans, a consultation with the other Contracting Parties and EU Member States shall be organised. The consultation will result in an opinion issued by the Secretariat on the draft national plan.
    • Submit National Energy and Climate Plans
      Kosovo* shall submit the final plan to the Secretariat by October 2020.