Climate

Implementation indicators
 

 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Although compilation of a GHG inventory is progressing, legislation defining national systems for policies, measures and projections has not been adopted yet, therefore there is no full compliance with Regulation (EU) 525/2013. In 2021, the Law on Climate Change is supposed to be adopted.

  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Drafting has commenced, while target setting and the development of scenarios are still missing. A draft of the NECP has not been submitted to the Secretariat for review.

State of compliance

Kosovo* is not a signatory party of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). There is currently no legal basis for drafting Nationally Determined Contributions, no targets set for 2030 and no regular reporting is undertaken. However, Kosovo* developed a GHG inventory covering the periods 2008 - 2017 and is expected to publish the next inventory report for 2018 by the end of 2020. Currently, provisions on climate are only included in the Law on Air Protection from Pollution.

Efforts have been made however to align Kosovo*’s legislation and policy framework to the EU climate acquis. The 2019 - 2028 National Strategy and Action Plan on climate change have been approved by the Government and the draft Climate Change Concept Paper is expected to be approved by the end of 2020. If fully implemented, these can provide a sound basis for tackling climate change. Also the Administrative Instruction for Monitoring Greenhouse Gas Emissions defines the governance, inter- institutional arrangements and deadlines for providing data on greenhouse gas emissions. Although Kosovo* has dedicated climate legislation in place and compilation of GHG inventory is progressing, legislation defining national systems for policies, measures and projections has not been introduced. Also, there is little evidence of climate change being mainstreamed in government projects. The missing provisions are planned to be included in the draft Law for Climate Change, the adoption of which is scheduled for 2021.

Kosovo* has adopted several documents as the legal basis for the preparation and adoption of its National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) including Decision Nr. 1878 for establishing the Working Group for Developing the National Plan for Energy and Climate, the Strategic Document Plan 2020 - 2022 and the Government Working Plan. However the Law on Climate Change and the Climate Change Concept Paper is yet to be adopted. Kosovo* has set up a national working group and six thematic working groups to draft the NECP. Drafting and analytical work leveraging on the LEAP tool have started with international support. Target setting is yet to be commenced, targets will probably be based on the Energy Strategy High Scenario 2017 - 2026 to be extrapolated up to 2030. The definition of the policy scenario is also still pending and requires further studies. Once targets and policy scenarios are approved, the NECP working group will finalize the draft. There is no timeframe for submitting the NECP to the Secretariat.