Renewable energy

State of compliance



  • National Renewable Energy Action Plan

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan and progress towards 2020

    Provisions regulating various aspects of renewable energy are incorporated in primary and secondary energy legislation of Georgia. The legal framework is currently being reviewed with the view of incorporating a special law dedicated to renewables as the requirements of Directive 2009/28/EC are not satisfied by Georgia’s existing legislation. The draft Renewable Energy Law has received governmental approval and is now in parliamentary procedure. It is expected to be adopted by the end of 2019. Furthermore, a National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) has been drafted but the deadline of 31 December 2018 for its adoption was missed. The country does not have a binding target for renewable energy to 2020 due to its late accession to the Energy Community.

  • Quality of the support schemes

    Quality of the support schemes

    Since there is no single legislative act on renewables, Georgia lacks a systematic approach towards regulation of the field. Most of the studies on potential of renewable energy sources are outdated and additional research is required to establish accurate data. Notwithstanding, the Government of Georgia has implemented successful promotion measures and managed to attract investments, mostly in hydro and wind, and develop new sources of renewable energy through support schemes. The basis of such support schemes are guaranteed power purchase agreements, which distort the market and are not in line with the State aid rules.

    Introduction of market–based support schemes based on auctions for the promotion of energy from renewable sources is envisaged to be implemented subject to the adoption of the Renewable Energy Law.

    Cooperation mechanisms

    Provisions on cooperation mechanisms are expected to be transposed by the Renewable Energy Law.  

  • Integration to the grids

    Integration to the grids

    Provisions for guaranteed and priority access are not transposed in the legislation. Transmission and distribution system operators have to develop plans for the integration of renewable energy into the grids. The regulatory framework of Georgia does not foresee special rules on connection to the network for producers of renewable energy, except for customers engaged in net-metering adopted already in 2016.

    Insufficient cross-border capacities for electricity export remain a challenge for the development of renewable energy, which will be partially resolved through the building of new interconnectors. However, not all renewables producers are eligible to benefit from the priority access to new cross-border interconnectors granted by the Electricity Market Rules due to a number of applicable exceptions. This constitutes discrimination and is not in line with the renewables acquis.

  • Administrative procedures

    Administrative procedures

    The requirements for streamlining, simplification and coordination of procedures for authorization, licensing and network connections and introduction of one-stop shops will be transposed by the renewable energy law.

    Guarantees of origin

    The requirements for a system to issue, transfer and cancel guarantees of origin for energy are expected to be transposed by the renewable energy law.

    Renewable energy in heating and cooling

    Provisions related to the promotion of renewable energy in heating and cooling sectors are to be transposed by the renewable energy law and the law on energy performance of buildings.

  • Renewable energy in transport

    Renewable energy in transport

    According to Georgia’s Accession Protocol, sustainable criteria for biofuels and bioliquids should be adopted by 31 December 2018, which was not achieved. The draft NREAP includes measures for the transport sector, and the draft law defines overall principles and responsibilities with respect to the promotion of biofuels. Nevertheless, secondary legislation will be required to ensure proper implementation of Articles 17 to 21 of Directive 2009/28/EC.