Climate

State of compliance

Georgia has no dedicated legislation on climate change. However, the Law on Air Protection was amended to include some climate provisions in 2016 and a set of normative acts on climate (Law on Fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases), Law on Ozone Depleting Substances) was drafted in 2017 to fulfil the country’s commitments under the Georgia-EU Association Agreement, as well as the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC).
 

 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Reviewing the national greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems with a view to align with the Regulation (EU) 525/2013

    • Develop a National Inventory System for greenhouse gas emission
      In Georgia, the GHG inventories are performed as part of the Biennial Update Reports to the UNFCCC every two years. The inventories are elaborated following the 2006 IPCC Methodology. The inventory implementing entity, which manages the inventory process, is the Environment Information and Education Centre (EIEC), under the supervision of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Agriculture. However, due to a lack of human and financial resources, the inventories‘ preparation leverages on external assistance and outsourced technical expertise. The legislative framework and software tool for the GHG data management is under development; compliance with the corresponding provisions of Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 should be ensured.
    • Low Carbon-development Strategies Adopt Low-Carbon Development Strategies

      As a result of inter-ministerial coordination, the Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) was drafted under the Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) programme.1 Its adoption is pending.

    • Introduce legislation defining national systems for Policies, Measures and Projections
      The country is in the process of creating a national system for policies, measures and projections and updating its legislation to be in line with EU standards. In the period 2012-2017, Georgia benefited from the support provided under the Clima East Policy Project for the development of its Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) capacity for policies and measures implementing the NDC. The project aimed at familiarizing the country with the MRV system implemented in the EU in sectors covered by the emissions trading system or falling under the regulations on Fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases) and Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS) of the European Commission.

    1 Gathering the representatives of the Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Regional Development and Infrastructure, Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development, Forestry Agency and Energy Efficiency Centre.

  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) as part of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC

    • Technical Working Group (TWG)
      Following the adoption of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC and the Policy Guidelines 03/2018-ECS on the development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), an Energy and Climate Technical Working Group composed of technical experts designated by the Contracting Parties was established at regional level in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee.
      Georgia is at an initial stage of integrating energy and climate policies and planning. The country has still not officially set up a national working group for the development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs). However, informal talks have taken place between the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Agriculture and the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development. Both institutions sent representatives to participate at the First Energy and Climate Technical Working Group meeting held in Vienna in June 2018. 
      The country is expected to finalize the formation of the national working group by 7 September 2018.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a reference scenario
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a policy scenario
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Develop templates for national plans
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Organize regional consultations and peer review
      Preliminary regional consultations have been launched in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee and its Technical Working Group, to which Georgia participated.
      After the submission of the draft national plans, a consultation with the other Contracting Parties and EU Member States shall be organised. The consultation will result in an opinion issued by the Secretariat on the draft national plan.
    • Submit National Energy and Climate Plans
      Georgia shall submit the final plan to the Secretariat by October 2020.