Browse through Secretariat's assessment
on Georgia's state of compliance
on Georgia's state of compliance
State of compliance of Georgia's electricity acquis
According to the Protocol on the Accession of Georgia to the Treaty establishing the Energy Community signed on 14 October 2016 in Sarajevo, Georgia shall implement Directive 2009/72/EC concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity and Regulation (EC) 714/2009 on conditions for access to the network for cross-border exchanges in electricity by 31 December 2018. Directive 2005/89/EC on security of electricity supply and infrastructure investment shall be implemented by 31 December 2019.
Georgia is expected to adopt a law harmonising its national legislation with the Third Energy Package by the end of 2018.
State of compliance of Georgia's gas acquis
Pursuant to the Protocol on the Accession of Georgia to the Energy Community Treaty, as signed on 14 October 2016, Georgia has committed to transpose and implement the Energy Community gas acquis by 31 December 2020. The country’s gas sector is currently governed by the Law on Electricity and Natural Gas which was adopted in 1999 and, despite later amendments, remains non-compliant with the Third Energy Package. Absence of compliant primary legislation leads to the lack of a comprehensive legal framework necessary for proper implementation of Third Energy Package rules. The new Law on Energy, as drafted with the Secretariat’s assistance, remains under discussion at ministerial level and is expected to be submitted for adoption later in 2018.
State of compliance of Georgia's oil acquis
Georgia holds no emergency oil stocks at present. The Secretariat assisted Georgia in aligning its legislation with the Energy Community oil acquis. A five-year Action Plan (2018-2023) for oil stockholding, the Oil Stockholding Act of Georgia and the related annexes were drafted and consulted with all relevant stakeholders in the country. The Secretariat expects that both primary and secondary legislation will be adopted in the course of this year.
State of compliance of Georgia's infrastructure acquis
Georgia should adopt a legal act that will ensure the transposition of Regulation (EU) 347/2013, as adapted and adopted by the Energy Community, into its national legislation.
The national competent authority shall be designated, become operational and publish a Manual of procedures for the permit granting process, as soon as possible. The national regulatory authority shall publish the methodology and criteria used to evaluate investment in electricity and gas projects and the higher risks incurred by them as soon as possible.
State of compliance of Georgia's energy efficiency acquis
According to the Protocol on the Accession of Georgia to the Energy Community Treaty signed in October 2016, Georgia has delayed deadlines as regards the energy efficiency acquis than the remaining Contracting Parties: 31 December 2018 for the Energy Efficiency Directive; 30 June 2019 for the Energy Performance in Buildings Directive; and 31 December 2018 for the Energy Labelling Directive.
The most relevant progress made during this reporting period was the preparation of the Law on Energy Performance of Buildings, the Energy Efficiency Law, and the Law on Energy Labelling aimed at transposing the primary legislation required by the energy efficiency acquis. While the Law on buildings is already in the Parliament for discussion, the other two are not yet approved by the Government. The expectation is that all three will be adopted before the end of 2018.
State of compliance of Georgia's climate acquis
Georgia has no dedicated legislation on climate change. However, the Law on Air Protection was amended to include some climate provisions in 2016 and a set of normative acts on climate (Law on Fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases), Law on Ozone Depleting Substances) was drafted in 2017 to fulfil the country’s commitments under the Georgia-EU Association Agreement, as well as the NDC.
State of compliance of Georgia's competition and State aid acquis
In order to adequately regulate competition in the electricity and gas sectors, it is essential to amend the Law on Competition and expand the scope of certain provisions to encompass the regulated sectors of the economy or extend the competences of the Competition Agency without further limitations to the regulated sectors.
The Law’s provisions on State aid need to be brought in compliance with Article 18 of the Treaty and Annex III to the Treaty in order to effectively comply with the State aid acquis.
State of compliance of Georgia's statistics acquis
The Protocol concerning the Accession of Georgia to the Treaty establishing the Energy Community sets a tight deadline, 31 December 2017, for the implementation of Regulation (EC) 1099/2008 and Directive 2008/92/EC, which was repealed in the meantime by Regulation (EU) 2016/1952.
Following the accession to the Treaty, Georgia was admitted to the EUROSTAT data transmission system and the officials from GeoStat have joined the Energy Statistics Working Group of EUROSTAT.
GeoStat has achieved significant progress over the last few years in bringing its practices closer to what is required by the acquis on statistics.
Georgia's energy sector
Facts and figures
Georgia: facts and figures in electricity
Description of data [unit] 2015 2016 2017 Electricity generation [GWh] 10.593 11.365 11.315 Net imports [GWh] 699 479 1.497 Net exports [GWh] 676 572 686 Total electricity supplied [GWh] 10.616 11.272 12.127 Losses in transmission [%] 2,21% 2,03% 1,97% Losses in distribution [%]
7,39% Consumption of energy sector [GWh]]
19,22 Final consumption of electricity [GWh]
7.601,22 Consumption structure [GWh] / industrial, transport, services and other
5.208 Consumption structure [GWh] / households (residential customers)
2.435,0 2.374 Net maximum electrical capacity of power plants [MW]
4.078,11 Net maximum electrical capacity of power plants [MW] / coal-fired
13,2 Net maximum electrical capacity of power plants [MW] / gas-fired
913,2 Net maximum electrical capacity of power plants [MW] / hydro, total
3164,91 Horizontal transmission network [km] / substation capacity [MVA]
10.739,02 Horizontal transmission network [km] / number of interconnectors
11 Electricity customers / total
1.753.617 Electricity customers / non-households
111.711 Electricity customers / active eligible customers 0 0 0
Total generated electricity
Generation capacity by sources
Facts and figures
Description of data [unit] 2015 2016 Natural gas production [mcm] 10,3 11,4 Import [mcm] 2.183,5 2.500,8 Export flows [mcm] - 100 Stock changes [mcm] - - Domestic supply of natural gas [mcm] 2.193,7 2.412,1 Consumption in Energy Sector [mcm] 0,598 Transformation sector input [mcm] 574,6 649,3 Losses in transmission [mcm] 17 27 Losses in distribution [mcm] 90,5 130,5 Length of transmission network [km] 1.918,2 1.968,4 Length of distribution network [km] 15.732 18.757 Natural gas customers / total 885.197,6 970.579,8 Natural gas customers / out of which: non-households 27.519 30.549 Natural gas customers / out of which: households 857.233 939.552 Natural gas customers / out of which:industry 95,6 114,8 Natural gas customers / out of which: transport 350 364 Final consumption [mcm] / commercial and public services 222,7 182,7 Final consumption [mcm] / residential 597,6 694,0 Final consumption [mcm] / agriculture / forestry / fishing 3,9 4,2 Non-energy use 258,8 272,5
Source: GeoStat Energy Balance; GNERC Annual Reports 2015 and 2014
Natural gas imports
Natural gas consumption
Energy Efficiency Indicators
Energy Efficiency Indicators
Source: EUROSTAT, IEA data and Contracting Party's Reports
Implementation of labelling Directive
Implementation of Energy Efficiency Product Regulation Overview
Source: multiple sources of data (EECG reports, NEEAPs etc.), compiled by the Energy Community Secretariat