Climate

State of compliance

The Law on Environment contains climate provisions. The preparation of a separate Law on Climate Action (including transposition of Regulation (EU) 525/2013) and a Long-term Strategy on Climate Action is envisaged to start by October 2018.

In order to align with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation, the country has prepared an assessment which takes into account the requirement to establish the legal and institutional preconditions for the implementation of the core elements of the Regulation. The assessment recommends further actions needed on the greenhouse gas inventory, mitigation policies and projections and adaptation policies and measures under the Regulation. 
 

 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Reviewing the national greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems with a view to align with the Regulation (EU) 525/2013

    • Develop a National Inventory System for greenhouse gas emission
      Despite being a non-Annex I Party, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’s GHG inventory meets the necessary reporting principles of Annex I countries to a great extent. Activities and tasks are standardized and roles and responsibilities of all players clearly defined. Also, it is publicly accessible on the UNFCCC webpage.
      Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia has been preparing a greenhouse gas inventory since 2000, using 1996 and 2006 IPCC methodology. The last National Inventory Summary Report was submitted to the UNFCCC in 2014, along with the Third National Communication on climate change. Data on greenhouse gas emissions are verified by the National Academy of Sciences and Arts.
      In order to align with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation, an institutionalisation of the greenhouse gas inventory system is still missing. Even though a national inventory of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions by sources and sinks is mentioned in the 2005 Law on Environment, provisions clearly defining competences and reporting obligations should be adopted.
    • Low Carbon-development Strategies Adopt Low-Carbon Development Strategies
      Although there is no a specific reference to low-carbon strategies, the Law on Environment provides the legal basis for the preparation of the National Plan on Climate Change to be adopted by the Government. Work on a Long-term Strategy on Climate Action is envisaged to start in October 2018.
      In addition, the Climate Change Communication Strategy and Action Plan adopted in 2014 refer to the integration of climate change priorities into country development strategies and relevant sector programmes by strengthening the information base, analytical and institutional capacity of the key national institutions.
    • Introduce legislation defining national systems for Policies, Measures and Projections
      The 2005 Law on Environment includes provisions on the development of a National Plan on Climate Change that should contain projections of greenhouse gas emissions and an analysis on the reduction of emissions.
      Assessments of mitigation potential and projections were part of each UNFCCC reporting document since 2000 as well as the NDCs. Due to the extensive use of fossil fuels and particularly the dominant share of domestic lignite for electricity production, there is significant potential in the country for policies and measures which lead to GHG emissions reduction. Vulnerable sectors and climate change adaptation measures will be addressed by revised future NDCs.
       
  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) as part of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC

    • Technical Working Group (TWG)
      Following the adoption of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC and the Policy Guidelines 03/2018-ECS on the development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), an Energy and Climate Technical Working Group composed of technical experts designated by the Contracting Parties was established at regional level in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee.
      Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is in the process of officially setting up a national working group to work on the NECPs. Following the Secretariat’s request, the country is expected to finalize the formation of the national working group by 7 September 2018.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a reference scenario
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a policy scenario
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Develop templates for national plans
      Preparatory work on the analytical and technical aspects of the plans is expected to start by the end of 2018.
    • Organize regional consultations and peer review
      Preliminary regional consultations have been launched in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee and its Technical Working Group, to which Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia participated.
      After the submission of the draft national plans, a consultation with the other Contracting Parties and EU Member States shall be organised. The consultation will result in an opinion issued by the Secretariat on the draft national plan.
    • Submit National Energy and Climate Plans
      Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia shall submit the final plan to the Secretariat by October 2020.