Renewable energy

State of compliance

 

 

  • National Renewable Energy Action Plan

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan and progress towards 40% RES target in 2020

    With the adoption of the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP), Bosnia and Herzegovina has increased its compliance with the requirements of Directive 2009/28/EC. However, the implementation of the measures including the renewable energy technology objectives towards 2020 are lagging behind.

    The latest energy statistical data provided by EUROSTAT revealed that Bosnia and Herzegovina has reached a 25,33% share of energy from renewable sources in 2016. This is mostly due to the statistical revision of biomass consumption rather than significant investments in renewable energy.

  • Quality of the support schemes

    Quality of the support schemes

    Support schemes for various renewable energy technologies in the form of feed-in tariffs were adopted by both entities. Despite the draft amendments to the renewable energy laws of both entities provided by the Secretariat, activities towards the adoption of revised renewable energy laws that include a market-based approach for granting the support has not started in any entity. A mechanism to transfer the costs of incentivising renewable energy to all customers is missing.

    In July 2018, Ministry of Industry, Energy, and Mining of Republika Srpska has launched a tender for 50 years concession contract to build 65 MW solar PV plant without support. The electricity produced will be sold in the market and the concessionaire will pay 0,28 ¢€/kWh as concession fee in addition to one-off fixed fee of 150.000 EUR.
     

    Cooperation mechanisms

    No legislation regarding cooperation mechanisms exists. Currently, the country does not comply with Directive 2009/28/EC in this respect.

  • Integration to the grids

    Integration to the grids

    A state-level law that imposes priority or guaranteed access for energy from renewable sources to the transmission network and priority dispatch is not in place. Moreover, state-level requirements for the development of the transmission network to take into account the integration of renewable energy are not transposed. The entity-level renewable energy laws fail to include priority or guaranteed access to the grids but do include priority dispatch and guaranteed priority of connection. However, they are often not respected in practice, particularly when the plant is not close to the existing network, which is the case in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sometimes the connection procedure can take up to one and a half years.

    There are no rules on renewable energy self-consumption for distributed generation to encourage and enable customers to become prosumers.

  • Administrative procedures

    Administrative procedures

    Several renewable energy projects were licensed in the last reporting period, but the coordination among the institutions in the authorisation process for small, decentralised renewable energy producers should be improved in the two entities. Increased clarity and simplification of procedures are needed to ensure a transparent and conducive investment framework for applicants in both entities. Currently, compliance with Article 13 of Directive 2009/28/EC remains to be achieved.


    Guarantees of origin

    Legislation on guarantees of origin exists in both entities and the bodies in charge of issuing, transferring and cancelling guarantees of origin for energy from renewable sources have been appointed. However, a reliable, accurate and fraud-resistant system of issuing, transferring and cancelling guarantees of origin has yet to be made operational in both entities. Implementation of Article 15 of Directive 2009/28/EC is yet to be achieved.

     
    Renewable energy in heating and cooling

    There is no compliance with the requirements of Article 13 of Directive 2009/28/EC in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina or in Republika Srpska. There are no requirements for the use of minimum levels of energy from renewable sources in new buildings or in existing buildings that are subject to major renovation. Obligations on the exemplary role of public buildings, promotion of heating and cooling systems and other requirements regarding biomass, heat pumps and solar thermal energy are missing despite the existing potential.

  • Renewable energy in transport

    Renewable energy in transport

    During this reporting period, as in all reporting periods so far, there were no activities to introduce incentives, promotional campaigns or the relevant certification scheme for biofuels at state or entity level. Articles 17-21 of Directive 2009/28/EC related to sustainability criteria for biofuels and bioliquids remained non-transposed. Thus Bosnia and Herzegovina is non-compliant with Directive 2009/28/EC with respect to renewable energy in the transport sector.

    Even the current small share of renewables in transport, below 1%, and far below the planned NREAP trajectory, cannot be calculated towards the targets due to unproven sustainability.