Environment

State of compliance

 

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Directive

    Environmental Impact Assessment / Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive

    In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Ministries at entity level act as the competent authority to carry out impact assessments, with no legislation on environmental assessments existing at state level. During the last reporting period, the central government of Bosnia and Herzegovina adopted an energy strategy. There was no information provided, however, whether a strategic environmental assessment was carried out for the strategy.

    The dispute settlement case (Case-ECS 01/15) regarding the environmental impact assessment procedure carried out for the planned thermal power plant Ugljevik 3 in the Republika Srpska entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina is still ongoing. Following the Secretariat’s Reasoned Request to the Ministerial Council on 28 May 2018 and a public hearing by the Advisory Committee on 27 September 2018, Bosnia and Herzegovina requested a mediation procedure for the case at the Energy Community Secretariat’s Dispute Resolution and Negotiation Centre. The mediation took place on 19 November 2018 and a settlement agreement was signed on 27 November 2018. The Secretariat is currently monitoring the implementation of the settlement agreement.

  • Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    Bosnia and Herzegovina failed to rectify the breaches of the Sulphur in Fuels Directive determined by Ministerial Council Decision 2016/03/MC-EnC. The Contracting Party still fails to ensure that heavy fuel and gas oil with a sulphur content of 1% and 0.1%, respectively, is not in use on its territory. A new Decision on the quality of liquid fuels was drafted and submitted to the Secretariat for review in July 2019, it is however unable to address the shortcomings identified in the case. As a consequence, the Secretariat had to apply for measures against Bosnia and Herzegovina under Case ECS-02/13S.

    The requirements on marine fuels have also not been transposed in Bosnia and Herzegovina yet.

  • Large Combustion Plants Directive

    Large Combustion Plants / Industrial Emissions Directive

    Both entities have established emission limit values for existing plants in their secondary legislation in compliance with the Large Combustion Plants Directive. The provisions on emission limits for new plants on the basis of the Industrial Emissions Directive have only been transposed in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Bosnia and Herzegovina has adopted the National Emission Reduction Plan (NERP). The NERP, approved by the Secretariat, is in compliance with the Energy Community acquis communautaire. Furthermore, three large combustion plants have commenced their opt-out period as of 1 January 2018, meaning they can only remain in operation for a maximum of 20.000 hours up until 31 December 2023. Bosnia and Herzegovina complied with its emission reporting obligations in August 2019.

  • Wild Birds Directive

    Wild Birds Directive

    With regard to nature protection in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the respective laws delegate competence to entity level. In total, there are 28 protected areas, including two strict nature reserves, three national parks, sixteen nature monuments, five nature parks and two areas for resource management.

    In Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, both the entity itself and the cantons can designate protected areas. However, the areas that are already being protected do not completely meet the necessary standards as regards the protection system, monitoring or sustainable use. The Federation lacks the competent bodies and adequate administration capacities necessary for the successful implementation of the measures in the protected areas. The entity has identified these issues in their Strategy and Action Plan for biodiversity protection, covering the period between 2016 and 2020.

    In Republika Srpska, the 2025 Biodiversity Strategy recognizes the need to establish a national ecological network and an inventory of Natura 2000 areas. However, the number of protected areas as well as the capacity for their management is low.