Environment

State of compliance

 

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Directive

    Environmental Impact Assessment / Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive

    In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Ministries at entity level act as the competent authority to carry out impact assessments, with no legislation on environmental assessments existing at state level. During the last reporting period, Bosnia and Herzegovina drafted an Energy Strategy, which is however still not adopted. This creates obstacles in moving forward also with environmental assessments in the energy sector. One of the priorities both at national and entity level would be to carry out strategic environmental assessments for planning in the energy sector.

    The dispute settlement case (Case-ECS 01/15) regarding the environmental impact assessment procedure carried out for the planned thermal power plant Ugljevik 3 in the Republika Srpska entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina is still pending. As the Secretariat considered that Bosnia and Herzegovina failed to rectify the breaches identified in the Reasoned Opinion, a Reasoned Request was submitted to the Ministerial Council on 28 May 2018.

  • Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    Bosnia and Herzegovina failed to rectify the breaches of the Sulphur in Fuels Directive determined by Ministerial Council Decision 2016/03/MC-EnC. The Contracting Party still fails to ensure that heavy fuel and gas oil with a sulphur content of 1% and 0.1%, respectively, is not in use on its territory. A new Decision on the quality of liquid fuels was drafted, it is however still not adopted. As a consequence, the Secretariat opened a procedure for non-implementation of the Ministerial Council Decision under Article 92 of the Energy Community Treaty (Case ECS-02/13S).

    The requirements on marine fuels have also not been transposed in Bosnia and Herzegovina yet.
     

  • Large Combustion Plants Directive

    Large Combustion Plants / Industrial Emissions Directive

    Both entities have established emission limit values for existing plants in their secondary legislation in compliance with the Large Combustion Plants Directive. The provisions on emission limits for new plants on the basis of the Industrial Emissions Directive have only been transposed in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. With regard to the establishment of emission inventories and the reporting of emissions from large combustion plants, work still needs to be carried out.

    Bosnia and Herzegovina has adopted the National Emission Reduction Plan (NERP). The NERP, approved by the Secretariat, is in compliance with the Energy Community acquis communautaire. Furthermore, three large combustion plants have commenced their opt-out period as of 1 January 2018, meaning they can only remain in operation for a maximum of 20,000 hours up until 31 December 2023.

  • Wild Birds Directive

    Wild Birds Directive

    With regard to nature protection in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the respective laws delegate competence to entity level. In total, there are 28 protected areas, including two strict nature reserves, three national parks, sixteen nature monuments, five nature parks and two areas for resource management.

    In Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, both the entity itself and the cantons can designate protected areas. However, the areas that are already being protected do not completely meet the necessary standards as regards the protection system, monitoring or sustainable use. The Federation lacks the competent bodies and adequate administration capacities necessary for the successful implementation of the measures in the protected areas. The entity has identified these issues in their Strategy and Action Plan for biodiversity protection, covering the period between 2016 and 2020.

    In Republika Srpska, the 2025 Biodiversity Strategy recognizes the need to establish a national ecological network and an inventory of Natura 2000 areas. However, the number of protected areas as well as the capacity for their management is low.