Energy efficiency

State of compliance

Implementation of the energy efficiency acquis in Bosnia and Herzegovina is still not sufficient. Limited progress was made in the last twelve months, mainly in improving information and energy management systems and drafting of secondary legislation and a new Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP).

  • Energy Efficiency Directive

    Energy Efficiency Directive

    Republika Srpska adopted a Law on Energy Efficiency transposing Directive 2006/32/EC in 2013, while Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina only in February 2017. Brčko District has so far failed to do so but activities related to the preparation of the Law on Energy Efficiency have started with the technical assistance provided by the Energy Community Secretariat.

    With respect to the Energy Efficiency Directive, the state-level Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAP) was adopted by the Council of Ministers in December 2017. The Plan includes a roadmap for the transposition and implementation of the Directive 2012/27/EU in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska and Brčko District. However, Bosnia and Herzegovina has only partially completed the roadmap measures and amendments of the primary legislation to transpose the Energy Efficiency Directive continue to be delayed.

    Technical working groups supported by international technical assistance programmes have developed typologies and drafted long-term building renovation strategies (Article 4 and 5 of the Energy Efficiency Directive), an energy efficiency obligations scheme (Article 7), an assessment of the potential for the application of high-efficiency cogeneration and efficient district heating and cooling (Article 14) and the National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (Article 24). However, work on these tasks is still not finalised. 

    At the level of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a decision on the establishment of an energy management system and an information system on energy efficiency was adopted by the Council for Ministers in June 2019, in order to implement Article 8 of Directive 2012/27/EU and improve monitoring system on energy efficiency. The rulebook on an energy efficiency information system was already adopted in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in January 2019, while its adoption in Republika Srpska is pending. 

    Bosnia and Herzegovina submitted its third Annual Report under the Energy Efficiency Directive to the Secretariat in July 2019. However, it missed other reporting deadlines foreseen by the Directive, as follows: 30 March 2017 for Article 4, 1 January 2017 for Article 5, 15 March 2017 for Article 7, 30 November 2018 for Article 14 and 30 April 2019 for Article 24(2).

  • NEEAPs and targets

    NEEAPs and targets

    The state-level Energy Efficiency Action Plan, adopted by the Council of Ministers in December 2017, includes forecasted energy savings and targets for primary and final energy consumption for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska and Brčko District for 2020. Working groups are in the process of preparing a new NEEAP in line with requirements of the Energy Efficiency Directive, which will report on progress in achieving savings in final energy consumption in the period 2016-2018. 

    The specific targets under the Energy Efficiency Directive are still not set (for renovation of central government buildings and the energy efficiency obligating scheme), but most of the activities (with technical assistance from GIZ and USAID) have been finalised and are awaiting political decisions. The final energy efficiency obligation scheme model for Bosnia and Herzegovina was presented at a conference co-organised with the Energy Community Secretariat in Sarajevo in March 2019.  In order to put this mechanism in place, Bosnia and Herzegovina should pass the necessary amendments to the entity Energy Efficiency Laws, formulate the calculation of methodologies and issue a regulation on the implementation of the scheme via implementing regulations or guidelines.

  • ESCO market development and financing

    ESCO market development and financing

    The energy efficiency laws of both entities recognize ESCOs and energy performance contracting. Notwithstanding the principal admissibility and feasibility of ESCO projects mentioned above, the ESCO market is not functioning and important legal gaps remain. In June 2018, the model contracts and the legal gap analysis were finalised and submitted to Bosnia and Herzegovina by EBRD and the Energy Community Secretariat, as part of an international technical assistance programme (REEP Plus).

    The Energy Efficiency Action Plan of Bosnia and Herzegovina also included measures for further removal of regulatory and legal barriers. The Plan includes measures to amend primary laws on energy efficiency and public–private partnerships to align with new requirements imposed by the Energy Efficiency Directive, introduce multi-year budgeting and improve state level public procurement procedures to enable the use of energy efficiency criteria suitable for ESCO projects, capacity building of authorities and simplification of project approval procedures. However, little progress has been achieved in the last twelve months.

  • Energy efficiency in buildings

    Energy efficiency in buildings

    Directive 2010/31/EU was transposed in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina by the 2017 Energy Efficiency Law, the 2013 Law on Spatial Planning and Land Utilization and several by-laws. In Republika Srpska, the key requirements of Directive 2010/31/EU were transposed by the 2013 Law on Spatial Planning and Construction.

    Both entities are now working on an update of the relevant secondary legislation and the training of experts for the certification of buildings is ongoing. Several international technical assistance programmes are working with entity working groups on the development of cost-optimal calculations, calculation and update of minimal energy performance requirements and definition of standards for nearly zero-energy buildings.

    In Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an updated regulation on energy audits and energy certification of buildings was adopted in November 2018. However, the adoption of a methodology and a regulation on the calculation and setting of minimum requirements for energy performance of buildings, based on cost-optimal criteria and use of alternative energy systems in buildings, is pending.

    In Republika Srpska, there is ongoing work, supported by REEP Plus, but the adoption of the updated provisions on minimum energy performance standards, national calculation methodology for energy performance of buildings and energy performance certification is pending.

    Activities related to the transposition of Directive 2010/31/EU into the new primary legislation of Brčko District have started with the support of Secretariat.

    Overall, Bosnia and Herzegovina still fails to comply fully with the requirements of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive. Nevertheless, energy efficiency actions in residential and public buildings are taking place thanks to several donor programmes, e.g. the EBRD Green Economy Financing Facility.

  • Energy efficient products - labelling

    Energy efficient products - labelling

    No progress was registered in the last twelve months in Republika Srpska, after having transposed provisions of Directive 2010/30/EU in its Energy Efficiency Law and adopted nine delegated regulations in March 2016.

    Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina has not yet transposed Directive 2010/30/EU, and hence has no legal basis for adopting regulations on labelling of energy related products.

    Therefore, Bosnia and Herzegovina continues to fail to comply with both the previous and the new Energy Labelling Regulations, updated by a Ministerial Council Decision adopted in November 2018.

  • Institutional capacities

    Institutional capacities​​​​​​​

    In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the entity ministries are in charge of developing energy efficiency legislation, while the State Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations participates, coordinates and reports about activities related to the Energy Community.

    Each entity established an energy efficiency and environmental fund, which is responsible for financing of energy efficiency measures as well as monitoring of their implementation and reporting on achieved savings.

    The Permanent Joint Energy Efficiency Cooperation and Coordination Group and different ad-hoc technical working groups were established to coordinate the work on energy efficiency (including work on the Energy Efficiency Directive) with participation of different technical assistance programmes and public institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Further improvement of coordination between state and entity levels and strengthening of institutional capacities, especially of the energy efficiency and environmental funds, are important for the establishment and development of an efficient mechanism for financing, implementation and monitoring of energy efficiency measures.