Energy efficiency

State of compliance

Implementation of the energy efficiency acquis in Bosnia and Herzegovina is still not sufficient, in spite of the progress made by the adoption of the state-level Energy Efficiency Action Plan, the Roadmap for implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive and several ongoing programmes to support the Roadmap’s implementation.

 

  • Energy Efficiency Directive

    Energy Efficiency Directive

    Republika Srpska adopted a Law on Energy Efficiency transposing Directive 2006/32/EC in 2013, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina only in February 2017, while Brčko District failed to do so.  

    With respect to the Energy Efficiency Directive, the state-level Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAP) was adopted by the Council of Ministers in December 2017, and includes Roadmap for transposition and implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive in Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska and Brčko District.  

    The Secretariat is informed about ongoing activities of dedicated technical working groups supported by international technical assistance programmes to work on certain articles of the Energy Efficiency Directive. This includes the development of typologies and long-term building renovation strategies (Article 4 and 5 of the Energy Efficiency Directive), establishment of the energy efficiency obligations scheme (Article 7) and assessment of the potential for the application of high-efficiency cogeneration and efficient district heating and cooling (Article 14).

    However, amendments of the primary legislation to transpose the Energy Efficiency Directive continue to be delayed, and Bosnia and Herzegovina missed the reporting deadlines foreseen by the Energy Efficiency Directive, as follows:  30 March 2017 for Article 4, 1 January 2017 for Article 5, 15 March 2017 for Article 7 and 30 June 2018 for Article 24(1).

     

  • NEEAPs and targets

    NEEAPs and targets

    The state-level Energy Efficiency Action Plan was adopted by the Council of Ministers in December 2017, which includes forecasted energy savings and targets of primary and final energy consumption for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska and Brčko District for 2020.  

    The specific targets under the Energy Efficiency Directive are still not set (for renovation of central government buildings and the energy efficiency obligating scheme), but certain activities are ongoing. The outline of the energy efficiency obligation (EEO) scheme and the proposed approach has been developed by the EEO Working Group in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which focuses on the residential sector and vulnerable consumers. Furthermore, the EEO Working Group has developed the necessary amendments to the existing entity energy efficiency laws.

    Bosnia Herzegovina submitted its second  Annual Report  under the Energy Efficiency Directive to the Secretariat on 1 November 2018.

  • ESCO market development and financing

    ESCO market development and financing

    The energy efficiency laws of both entities recognize ESCOs and energy performance contracting. Republika Srpska has adopted an ESCO-enabling regulation, while Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is drafting it.

    Notwithstanding the principal admissibility and feasibility of ESCO projects mentioned above, the ESCO market is not functioning and important legal gaps remain. In June 2018, the model contracts and the legal gap analysis were finalised and submitted to Bosnia and Herzegovina by EBRD and the Energy Community Secretariat, as part of an international technical assistance programme (REEP Plus).

    The Energy Efficiency Action Plan of Bosnia and Herzegovina also included measures for further removal of regulatory and legal barriers. The Plan includes measures to amend primary laws on energy efficiency and publicprivate partnership to align with new requirements imposed by the Energy Efficiency Directive, introduce multi-year budgeting and improve state level public procurement procedures to enable the use of energy efficiency criteria suitable for ESCO projects, capacity building of authorities and simplification of project approval procedures.

  • Energy efficiency in buildings

    Energy efficiency in buildings

    Directive 2010/31/EU was transposed in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina by the 2017 Energy Efficiency Law, the 2013 Law on Spatial Planning and Land Utilization and several by-laws. In Republika Srpska, the key requirements of Directive 2010/31/EU were transposed by the 2013 Law on Spatial Planning and Construction, including the setting of minimum energy performance requirements of new and existing buildings, certification of buildings and energy audits of buildings.

    Both entities are now working on an update of the relevant secondary legislation and the training of experts for the certification of buildings is ongoing.

    Several international technical assistance programmes are working with entity working groups  on development of the cost-optimal calculations, update of minimal energy performance requirements and definition of standards for nearly zero-energy buildings.

    However, in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, there is no concrete progress with respect to the outstanding obligations from the Buildings Directive as identified in the 2017 Implementation Report, namely related to adoption of a methodology for calculations of cost-optimal levels of the minimum energy performance, targets and plans for realization of nearly zero-energy buildings.

    In Republika Srpska, there was also no progress in the adoption of the outstanding provisions to align the minimum energy performance standards, national calculation methodology for energy performance of buildings and energy performance certification with the requirements of the Directive.

    There were also no activities related to the transposition and implementation of Directive 2010/31/EU in Brčko District.

    Overall, Bosnia and Herzegovina still fails to comply fully with the requirements of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive.

    Regarding energy efficiency measures in buildings, a comprehensive programme for energy efficiency improvements in the residential sector was launched in November 2017 by the EBRD Green Economy Financing Facility. It combines technical assistance, advice and investments to households and related service providers (www.ebrdgeff.com/ba). Bosnia and Herzegovina is also implementing several projects for rehabilitation of public buildings, supported by the establishment of an energy management system in the public sector.

     

  • Energy efficient products - labelling

    Energy efficient products - labelling

    No progress was registered in the reporting period in Republika Srpska, after having transposed provisions of Directive 2010/30/EU in its Energy Efficiency Law and adopted nine delegated regulations in March 2016.

    Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina has not yet transposed Directive 2010/30/EU, and hence has no legal basis for adoption of regulations on labelling of energy related products.

    Therefore, Bosnia and Herzegovina continues to fail to comply with the Energy Labelling Directive.

  • Institutional capacities

    Institutional capacities​​​​​​​

    In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the entity ministries are in charge of developing energy efficiency legislation, while the State Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations participates, coordinates and reports about activities related to the Energy Community.

    Each entity established an energy efficiency and environmental fund, which is responsible for financing of energy efficiency measures as well as monitoring of their implementation and reporting on achieved savings.

    The Permanent Joint Energy Efficiency Cooperation and Coordination Group and different ad-hoc technical working groups were established to coordinate the work on energy efficiency (including work on the Energy Efficiency Directive) with participation of different technical assisstance programmes and public institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Further improvement of coordination between state and entity levels and strengthening of institutional capacities, especially of the energy efficiency and environmental funds, are important for the establishment and development of an efficient mechanism for financing, implementation and monitoring of energy efficiency measures.