Climate

State of compliance

Bosnia and Herzegovina does not have a separate law on climate change at national level. The legal basis for action in the field of climate in Republika Srpska is Article 50 of the Law on Air Protection. Amendments to the Law on Air Protection were adopted in 2017 and published in the Official Gazette of Republika Srpska No. 46/17. Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina does not have any specific legislation on climate, however, its Law on Air Protection lays down technical conditions to prevent or to reduce the emissions into the ambient air from anthropogenic activities.

 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Reviewing the national greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems with a view to align with the Regulation (EU) 525/2013

    • Develop a National Inventory System for greenhouse gas emission
      Bosnia and Herzegovina does not have a clearly defined system for data collection and processing, quality assurance and control of input data, or a reporting and monitoring system. Also, no agreement on who will manage the greenhouse gas inventory and store the data at national level has been reached. The responsibility for compiling GHG inventory reports lies with the entity-level hydro-meteorology services.

      The rules on the development of emission inventories in Bosnia and Herzegovina are primarily stipulated by the air protection laws of the two entities that are currently in effect. In Republika Srpska, the Law on Air Protection provides that the jurisdiction to manage the greenhouse gas inventory lies with the Hydro Meteorological Institute of Republika Srpska. However, the appropriate by-laws that would govern inventory management have not been passed yet. The amendments to the Law on Air Protection include provisions on data exchange among ministries and institutions and envisage a Rulebook on the methodology for the greenhouse gas inventory. These are only partially compliant with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation.
      There is no greenhouse gas management and jurisdiction prescribed at the level of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina or Brcko District. This is not in line with Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (EU) No 525/2013.

    • Low Carbon-development Strategies Adopt Low-Carbon Development Strategies
      A Climate Change Adaptation and Low Emission Development Strategy was adopted by the Council of Ministers in 2013, covering the period 2013 – 2025. It is currently being updated. Its integration into all relevant sectors is very slow, mainly due to the lack of knowledge and institutional capacity. Bosnia and Herzegovina is working on a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) which will identify the necessary resources and set timelines for implementing climate change-related policies and strategies. The focus will be on sectoral approaches, aligning with the climate acquis and building institutional capacities in the medium term. This constitutes an initial step in setting the general policy course for low-emission and climate resilient development; integrating more specific policies, measures and projects into sectoral strategies; and identifying existing opportunities for adaptation and mitigation actions to attract international support.
      The country is currently preparing its NDC Implementation Plan, which should guide the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the coming years.
    • Introduce legislation defining national systems for Policies, Measures and Projections
      Although the country has a strategy on climate change, it lacks a list of priority actions and a concrete timeframe for their implementation. The current strategy is currently under revision.
      The preparation of the Fourth National Communication and the Third Biennial Update Report on greenhouse gas emissions is ongoing. The collection of data up to the year 2017 and submission of reports in 2020 and 2021 respectively are expected.
  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) as part of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC

    • Technical Working Group (TWG)

      Following the adoption of Recommendation 2018/01/MC-EnC and the Policy Guidelines 03/2018-ECS on the development of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), an Energy and Climate Technical Working Group composed of technical experts designated by the Contracting Parties was established at regional level in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee.
      In February 2019, Bosnia and Herzegovina officially launched a national working group to work on its NECP. The national working group is meeting regularly. A conference taking stock of the progress achieved on the integration of energy and climate planning is expected to take place in January 2020.

    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a reference scenario
      The analytical and technical aspects of the plans have not been addressed yet, although preparatory work within the national working group is ongoing.
    • Develop integrated methodological tools to prepare a policy scenario
      The analytical and technical aspects of the plans have not been addressed yet, although preparatory work within the national working group is ongoing.
    • Develop templates for national plans
      The template for the NECP was discussed and clarified on several occasions. The plan will be elaborated following the structure and parameters indicated in Annex I of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999.
    • Organize regional consultations and peer review
      Preliminary regional consultations were launched in the framework of the Energy Community Energy and Climate Committee and its Technical Working Group, to which Bosnia and Herzegovina participated.
      After the submission of the draft national plan, a consultation with the other Contracting Parties and EU Member States shall be organised. The consultation will result in an opinion issued by the Secretariat on the draft national plan.
    • Submit National Energy and Climate Plans
      Bosnia and Herzegovina shall submit the final plan to the Secretariat by October 2020.