Environment

State of compliance

 

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Directive

    Environmental Impact Assessment / Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive

    With its current legislative framework, Albania has transposed the relevant provisions regarding environmental impact assessment and strategic environmental assessment. For both types of assessments, the Ministry of Tourism and Environment acts as the competent authority.

    In terms of implementation, the environmental impact assessment process needs to be considerably strengthened, with particular regard to the hydropower sector. The shortcomings in implementation are mainly due to the lack of financial resources and administrative capacities. Given the fact that during the last reporting period, development consents for the construction of new hydropower plants in protected areas were issued, it must be ensured that those projects receive their construction permits only if environmental impact assessments have been carried out fully in compliance with the provisions of the acquis communautaire on environment. During the process, it must also be ensured that the timeframes for stakeholders to effectively take part in the environmental impact assessment procedure allows for effective public participation. Furthermore, transboundary environmental impact assessments must be carried out whenever significant environmental effects are foreseen based on the environmental report.

  • Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    Sulphur in Fuels Directive

    The Directive and the provisions on the use of land-based fuels were transposed into national legislation and their implementation is carried out in accordance with the provisions of the Decision on the Quality of Liquid Fuels. With regard to the obligations related to marine fuels, a draft transposing the provisions of the Directive was prepared. Its adoption is pending.

  • Large Combustion Plants Directive

    Large Combustion Plants / Industrial Emissions Directive

    Albania has only one thermal power plant (TPP Vlora). While built in 2011, its operation has still not commenced. The plant has a capacity of 97 MW and should it become operational, it would be able to comply with the emission limit values of the Industrial Emissions Directive.

    As regards the legal framework, the Law on Environmental Permits adopted in 2011 transposes the requirements of the Large Combustion Plants Directive into national law and the emission limit values are fully aligned with those of the Directive. The Law requires continuous monitoring for plants with a rated thermal input of 100 MW or more, which is also in line with the Directive’s requirements. The Law establishes a three-level environmental permitting system (type A, B and C) based on the size of the installation, its activity and its potential to cause environmental pollution and to threaten human health. All activities referred to in Annex I to the Industrial Emissions Directive, including large combustion plants, belong to type A activities (with the highest potential to cause harm to human health or the environment).

  • Wild Birds Directive

    Wild Birds Directive

    With the adoption of the Law on Protected Areas in May 2017, Albania is in a position to properly implement the provisions of the Directive.

    An initial system of Protected Areas has been established which covers around 16% of the territory of the Contracting Party, consisting of national parks, natural reserves and protected landscapes. It is complemented by Regional Protected Areas, which are established and managed at local level.

    With these measures in place, a good level of compliance has been achieved. At the same time, effective protection measures for the designated areas are still lacking. In particular, hydropower projects can jeopardize these areas and therefore particular attention shall be given to nature protection legislation and measures in cases related to hydropower.