Climate

Implementation indicators

 

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    The preparatory work on the development of a national greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting system has
    started with the Law and Decision on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions. Since it has not yet been adopted, the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (EU) 525/2013 has not been transposed.

  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    As one of the first Contracting Parties, Albania submitted draft chapters of the NECP to the Secretariat for informal review in early June 2020. However, the process is slow. Submission of the final draft is expected in Q1 2021.

State of compliance

Under the Paris Agreement, Albania committed to reduce its CO2 emissions by 11,5% compared to the baseline scenario for the period 2016 to 2030 in its first Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). In 2019, the country joined the NDC Partnership - a global initiative to help countries achieve their national climate commitments and ensure financial and technical assistance is delivered as efficiently as possible. It plans to revise its NDC by the end of 2020. The Government prepares for the Fourth National Communication due in 2020 and the First Biennial Update expected since 2014.

In 2019, the Government endorsed the National Climate Change Strategy, representing the country’s low carbon-development strategy towards the implementation of the Paris Agreement. However, the country is yet to adopt an overarching legal framework for climate. A draft Climate Change Law exists. Adoption of the Law and a Decision on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions, transposing Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (EU) 525/2013 are still pending.

The Law and the Decision will establish the institutional framework and arrange the rules for monitoring, reporting and verification of GHG emissions at the level of sectors/resources in line with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation. While the draft Law includes provisions on establishing a national climate change policy, it lacks specific reference to setting up a system on projections which would be required to be fully compliant with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation. The establishment of a national inventory system for greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting  in line with the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (EU) 525/2013 is still missing.

The Prime Minister’s Order of 7 March 2019 indicates the governance structure and timeframe for elaboration of the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP), including the setting up of a dedicated national working group supported by five technical working groups and the appointment of focal points in line ministries. For the preparation of the analytical basis of the Albanian NECP, the Government relies on external expertise supported by international donors and experts. At the time of publication of this report, data collection and modelling were ongoing.

The first two chapters of the NECP were drafted and submitted to the Secretariat for informal review in June 2020. Affected by the Covid-19 outbreak, the process is aimed to be finalised only in Q1 2021. It is strongly recommended that the different policy planning processes under the NDC update and the NECP are harmonized and streamlined.