The Istanbul Conference under the auspices of the Stability Pact in 2001 invited the European Commission to take over the co-ordination role. As a consequence, the Commission chairs the donors community and highlights the Energy Community’s political and technical goals.
Donors are institutions, organisations or government agencies for development wishing to contribute to the success of the Energy Community. The donors have agreed to co-ordinate their assistance to state and regional iniatives in order to achieve the common, overall objective of establishing a regionally integrated market.
The donors community is especially involved in the activities of the Energy Community Fora. These include the forum on electricity, gas and social issues in the context of the Energy Community. In addition to the financial support, the donors give recommendations and guidance on priority policy issues. They also conduct and finance in-dept studies for the benefit of the process. Furthermore the donors community takes part, often as a speaker, to various Energy Community workshops.
The donors meet to discuss and to co-ordinate their actions several times per year. One of such meetings takes place one day prior to the Athens Forum.
Since the entry into the force of the Treaty, the following donors particularly support the reform process of the Energy Community.
CANADIAN INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCY, CIDA
With the prime focus on trade faciltation, the CIDA has conducted a 7 year project targeting Bulgaria, Serbia, Bosnia&Herzegovina, Albania, Moldova, Montenegro and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The Southeast European Electrical System Technical Support (SEETEC)
project supports the development of expertise in the electricity sector in the region. Assistance under the project includes strengthening regulatory authorities; legal reform; studies of particular technical problems in the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity.
200 Promenade du Portage
Gatineau, Quebec, K1A 0G4, CANADA
EUROPEAN AGENGY FOR RECONSTRUCTION, EAR
The European Agency for Reconstruction manages on behalf of the European Commission the European Union's main assistance programmes in the Republic of Serbia, the Republic of Montenegro, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. Read more about the EAR’s involvement in the energy sector of Montenegro
tel:+30 2310 505 100|
fax:+30 2310 505 172
EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT, EBRD
The EBRD is the largest single investor in Central and Eastern Europe and the CIS. With its Technical Cooperation Funds Programme, TCFP, the EBRD promotes institutional reform and provides extra funding to improve the preparation and implementation of its projects. Together with EIB, the EBRD additionally runs a Multilateral Carbon Credit Fund. It is also involved in carrying out in-depth studies, such as Study on Regional Energy Trading.
tel: +44 20 7338 6000
fax: +44 20 7338 6100
One Exchange Square
London EC2A 2JN
EUROPEAN INVESTMENT BANK, EIB
The EIB works closely with the European Commission, combining grants and loans in the pre-accession region to achieve an optimum financing package. In terms of the Energy Community, the EIB offers support for infrastructural development, including a range of upstream technical assistance. It also runs jointly with the EBRD a Multilateral Carbon Credit Fund.
tel:+352 43 79 1
fax:+352 43 77 04
100, boulevard Konrad Adenauer
The Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance, IPA
, represents the key support measure of the European Commission and breaks down to
(1) institution building measures with accompanying investment;
(2): cross-border cooperation;
(3) regional development;
(4) human resources development;
(5) rural development.
With reference to the seven Contracting Parties, a special IPA multi-beneficiary assistance accompliments the national IPAs. The EU also offers the Contracting Parties a new Project Preparation Facility for Infrastrcutural Investments in Western Balkans in order to support the preparation of bankable investment projects.
The current EU research programme, FP7 (2007-2013), sees the Contracting Parties as part of the programme and lists projects on renewable electricity generation as eligible. Whilst the TAIEX helps governments with regard to the approximation, application and enforcement of EU legislation, the EU Twinning programme accounts for one of the principal tools in the area of Institution Building accession assistance.
tel :+32 2299 9696
Rue de la Loi 200
B- 1049 Bruxelles, BELGIUM
The kfW offers studies and advisory measures to support its partners during project preparation, assistance and advisory services as complementary measures to the investment, including training measures for project staff accompanying the investment. Together with the World Bank, the KfW led a in-depth study on South East Europe Regional Gasification. The findings of the study were presented at the November 2007 Gas Forum.
tel:+49 69 7431-0
fax:+49 69 7431-2888
60325 Frankfurt am Main
The World Bank runs a tailor-made Energy Community of South East Europe Adaptable Programme Lending (ECSEE APL) . The aim of the ECSEE APL is to facilitate the development of a regional electricity market in South East Europe and to integrate it into the internal electricity market of the European Union. There also are plans to establish a similar regional investment facility for gas, analogous to the ECSEE APL for electricity.
In terms of research, the Word Bank suppported together with the European Commission the work on Generation Investment Study and its update. In the area of gas, the Work Bank lead jointly with the KfW a South East Europe Regional Gasification Study. The findings of the study were presented at the November 2007 Gas Forum.
tel: 202 473-1000
fax: 202 477-6391
1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433 USA
UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (USAID)
Within the framework of Regional Energy Security Initiative, the USAID follows a broad agenda to suppport the activities of the Energy Community. There is a special focus on regional policy issues, include: (1) Energy Policy and Investment Planning; (2) Gas Regulation and Supply Diversification; (3) Regional Electricity Market Development; (4) Energy Efficiency; (5) Biofuels and Renewable Energy.
In terms of residential affordability and energy efficiency, the USAID has funded studies on Southeast European Co-operative Initiative and Stocktaking on Energy Efficiency.
tel: 202 712-4810
fax: 202 216-3524
Ronald Reagan Building
Washington, D.C. 20523-1000